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Sikkim Tops Sanitation Survey
Sep 10, 2016

Sikkim has been adjudged the cleanest state while Jharkhand comes last in the list on the condition of sanitation in rural areas of 26 states in which Prime Minister’s  home state Gujarat is ranked 14th. 

  • The results of survey carried out last year by National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) was released recently. 

  • The NSSO conducted the survey in May-June 2015 covering 73,176 households in 3,788 villages across the country. 

  • The ranking given on the basis of percentage of households having sanitary toilets and using them (either household or community toilets).

Top 10 States: Sikkim scored 98.2 per cent on a scale of 100. Kerala, Mizoram, Himachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Manipur and Meghalaya scored 96.4, 95.8, 90.1, 88.6, 87.9, 86.1, 80.2 and 73 percent respectively.

Bottom 10 States: Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Jammu and Kashmir scored 17.7, 19.9, 24.8, 24.8, 27.3, 29.8, 35.8, 39.2, 44.3 and 45.9 per cent respectively.

  • Sikkim has retained the top slot with 99.9 per cent sanitation coverage, followed by Himachal Pradesh (97.11 per cent) and Kerala (96.35 per cent).

  • Gujarat figures in top 10 list scoring 79.37 per cent as against 53.4 per cent it scored in NSSO report.

  • Haryana (87.33 per cent), Uttarakhand (86.42 per cent), Mizoram (84.75 per cent), Meghalaya (82.47 per cent), Manipur (81.04 per cent) and Punjab (78.89 per cent) are the other states which are among top 10 states.

  • Bihar has been placed at the bottom of the list with 25.16 per cent coverage. Odisha (32.79 per cent), Jammu and Kashmir (33.35 per cent), Jharkhand (40.52 per cent), Telangana (42.13 per cent), Uttar Pradesh (44.15 per cent), Andhra Pradesh (47.14 per cent), Madhya Pradesh (47.48 per cent), Puducherry (50.53 per cent) and Andaman and Nicobar Islands (55.14 per cent) are also among states which have not fared well.

  • Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh have been placed at 15th and 16th positions respectively.

The government intends to make India open defecation free (ODF) by 2019, coinciding with 150th birth anniversary of Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi.


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