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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Russia Boycotts Nuclear Security Summit
Nov 10, 2014

Russia has failed to show up at meeting planning the 2016 Nuclear Security Summit. It was not immediately clear whether Russia’s absence meant that it want to boycott the summit itself or if it was a temporary show of displeasure over USA’s harsh condemnation of Russia’s role in Ukraine unrest and its lead in orchestrating Western sanctions and other punitive measures in response. 

But even if short-term, Russia’s no-show is significant. Only three or four planning meetings are scheduled before the spring of 2016, when the summit is tentatively set to open. With Russia a key global player and one of the world’s five formally recognised nuclear powers, its input is crucial to setting an agenda. 

The U.S. President initiated a string of summits in 2010 aimed at preventing terrorists from getting their hands on weapons-grade nuclear material. Since then, the number of countries that have enough material to build a nuclear weapon has fallen from 39 to 25. 

At the last summit this year in The Hague, 35 countries pledged to turn international guidelines on nuclear security into national laws and open up their procedures for protecting nuclear installations to independent scrutiny. The summit also featured new reduction commitments, with Japan, Italy and Belgium agreeing to cut their stocks of highly enriched uranium and plutonium. 

At the same time, there were setbacks. Russia was notably absent from the 35-nation agreement, along with China, India and Pakistan, all nations with nuclear weapons. With the exception of Russia, all of the 54 countries that participated in this year’s March summit attended the preparatory meeting in Washington. 

Russian absence from the next summit would clearly encourage other nations sceptical of the U.S. initiative to resist more international oversight of their nuclear facilities. The Russians, besides the United States, are the biggest possessor of nuclear material so if they are not involved in this, it sends a terrible signal about their prioritization.

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