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Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (National Adolescent Health Strategy)
Aug 18, 2014

The Government has developed a National Adolescent Health Strategy in consultation with UNFPA. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched the Rashtriya Kishor Swasthaya Karyakram (RKSK) on January 7, 2014–converting the National Adolescent Health Strategy into a National programme.  

  • Total 25.3 crore adolescents aged 10–19 years, constituting about 21% of India’s population will be covered under this strategy.
     
  • The strategy will address in-school and out-of-school, rural and urban, married and unmarried adolescents.   
     
  • Seven critical components (7Cs) of the strategy are coverage, content, communities, clinics (health facilities), counselling, communication and convergence.
     
  • Under this strategy, the scope of Adolescent Health programmes has been expanded to include nutrition, injuries and violence (including gender based violence), non-communicable diseases, mental health and substance misuse along with the existing reproductive and sexual health.
     
  • Community based institutions, platforms and service providers like schools, educational and training institutions, Anganwadi centres, dedicated Adolescent Health Day, Kishori Diwas, Peer Educators, ASHA, ANM, AWW will be used to provide services, information and commodities to adolescents and engage with their parents /caregivers.
     
  • Adolescent Friendly Health Clinics (AFHCs) providing services, commodities and counselling within the existing health systems will be strengthened.
     
  • A strong communication strategy aimed not only for the adolescent but also for their caregiver on all the six thematic programme areas is being prepared.
     
  • The strategy envisages intra-departmental / inter-ministerial convergence and partnerships with Civil Society, Institutions and Private Sector.


RKSK is based on health promotion and prevention approach leading to holistic development. Key drivers of the program are community based interventions like peer educators, outreach activities by counsellors, involvement of parents and the community through a dedicated adolescent health day; communication for information and behaviour change i.e. Social and Behaviour Change Communication.  

These strategies and platforms have been devised to reach out to adolescents in their own spaces, recognising the importance of encouraging positive behaviours and supporting adolescents in making a healthy transition to adulthood.

Community based interventions are linked to Adolescent Friendly Health Clinics across levels of care creating continuum of care.


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