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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Rangarajan Panel Report: New Poverty Line
Jul 08, 2014

Three out of ten in India are poor, said a panel headed by former Prime Minister’s Economic Affairs Committee Chairman C. Rangarajan. The panel has dismissed the Tendulkar Committee saying that their figures and estimates were underreported.

Highlights of the Report

  • The number of poor in India was much higher in 2011-12 at 29.5 per cent of the population, which is three of 10 persons are poor.

  • Persons spending below Rs. 47-a-day in cities would be considered poor, much above the Rs. 33-per-day mark suggested by the Suresh Tendulkar Committee.

  • Poverty stood at 38.2 per cent in 2009-10 and slided to 29.5 per cent in 2011-12. This is at variance with the Tendulkar methodology under which poverty was estimated at 29.8 per cent in 2009-10 and declined to 21.9 per cent in 2011-12.

  • A person spending less than Rs 1,407 a month (Rs. 47/day) would be considered poor in cities, as against the Tendulkar Committee’s suggestion of Rs. 1,000 a month (Rs. 33/day).

  • In villages, those spending less than Rs. 972 a month (Rs. 32/day) would be considered poor. This is much higher than Rs. 816 a month (Rs. 27/day) recommended by Tendulkar Committee.

  • In absolute terms, the number of poor in India stood at 36.3 crore in 2011-12, down from 45.4 crore in 2009-10. Tendulkar Committee, however, had suggested that the number of poor was 35.4 crore in 2009-10 and 26.9 crore in 2011-12.

The Planning Commission’s estimates based on Tendulkar Committee had drawn flak in September 2011, when in an affidavit to the Supreme Court it was stated that households with per capita consumption of more than Rs. 33 in urban areas and Rs. 27 in rural areas would not be treated as poor.

The Rangarajan Committee was set up last year to review the Tendulkar Committee methodology for estimating poverty and clear the ambiguity over the number of poor in the country.

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