Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
prelims Test Series 2019
बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Project Elephant along India-Bangladesh Border in Assam
Aug 26, 2016

When the Indo-Bangladesh border in Assam is sealed completely by next year an exception could, however, be made for elephants to pass through with the help of jumbo-sized gates. According to officials of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, the project could see light of the day in the coming months as the Bangladesh government is expected to send a positive response soon.

  • Talks are in advanced stages with Bangladesh. India is waiting for their approval and when it comes  work will begin.
  • As part of the plan, forest department teams from Assam, Meghalaya and Bangladesh will sit together and identify places along the international border which are used by the jumbos to cross over to the other side.
  • Mammoth sized gates will then be constructed along such routes which have been part of elephant corridors for hundreds of years but have now become fragmented due to increasing human settlements leading to man-elephant conflicts.
  • The gates will be manned by security forces guarding the border.
  • The task of the forest department personnel will be to keep track of the movement of elephants and inform the guards to open the gates for herds to cross the border safely.
  • A surveillance mechanism would also be put in place to keep tabs on suspicious movements through the corridors meant for the elephants.

Being large-bodied, elephants need a large habitat for survival and are therefore known to migrate into the neighbouring forests of Bangladesh from Assam and Meghalaya. Any obstruction on their seasonal migration routes often leads to conflicts including loss of lives and damages to crop and property in villages.

  • It is estimated that Assam is home to about 5000 elephants while Meghalaya has another 1800 jumbos.
  • Altogether there are six elephant corridors along the Indo-Bangladesh border in these two northeastern states.
  • Wildlife Trust of India fully endorsed any attempt to restore traditional migratory routes of elephants that have been blocked by anthropogenic linear constructions such as boundary fences.  . But just making a gate will not solve the issue unless the corridor is long enough and has enough cover for elephants to cross over.
  • Wildlife Trust of India CEO Vivek Menon leads the Asian elephant specialist group of IUCN.
  • Both sides have to take lot of mitigation measures. Whether the animal belongs to India or Bangladesh both sides should take responsibility for safety of the wildlife.
  • Elephants use the entire forests along the border for movement. But once if they know that they have a safe and secure gate to pass through then they are smart enough to use that route.
  • Declared as India's national heritage animal, the number of elephants have been on a decline due to loss of habitat and fragmentation of forests.
  • It is worth mentioning here that amidst concern over infiltration of migrants from Bangladesh, the Union Government had recently issued instructions to seal the 284-km-long border between Assam and Bangladesh by June 2017.

Elephant Corridors Project

After much research, the Wildlife Trust of India has published a comprehensive list of 88 corridors throughout India that are critical to the long term survival of the Asian Elephant. Corridors comprise the unprotected lands between fragments of protected areas. These areas are increasingly human dominated, resulting in high levels of human-wildlife conflict (destruction of crops, buildings and even human life). Securing the corridors involves sensitising local communities to the option of voluntarily relocating outside the conflict zones to safer areas, with their own land and improved housing.

Project Elephant

Asian elephants were believed to be widely distributed – from Tigris – Euphrates in West Asia eastward through Persia into the Indian sub-continent, South and Southeast Asia including Sri Lanka, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and up to North China.
However currently they are confined to Indian Subcontinent, South East Asia and some Asian Islands—Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Malaysia. About 60% of the Asian elephant population is in India.
Project Elephant (PE) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with following objectives:

  • To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors
  • To address issues of man-animal conflict
  • Welfare of captive elephants

Financial and Technical support are being provided to major elephant bearing States in the country. The Project is being mainly implemented in 16 States/UTs—Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Main Activities under the Project

  • Ecological restoration of existing natural habitats and migratory routes of elephants
  • Development of scientific and planned management for conservation of elephant habitats and viable population of Wild Asiatic elephants in India
  • Promotion of measures for mitigation of man elephant conflict in crucial habitats and moderating pressures of human and domestic stock activities in crucial elephant habitats
  • Strengthening of measures for protection of Wild elephants form poachers and unnatural causes of death
  • Research on Elephant management related issues
  • Public education and awareness programmes
  • Eco-development
  • Veterinary care
  • Elephant Rehabilitation/Rescue Centers


Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.

http://www.drishtiias.com/upsc-current-affairs-article-Project-Elephant--along-India-Bangladesh-Border-in-Assam