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Prime Minister Launches Smart Cities, AMRUT, Urban Housing Missions
Jun 26, 2015

On June 25, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched three mega urban schemes—Smart Cities Mission, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) and Housing for All in urban area (PMAY-Pradhanmantri Awas Yojna) setting in motion the process of urban transformation to enable better living and drive economic growth.

Smart City Mission

Smart Cities Mission aims at development of entire urban eco-system of cities covering physical, social, economic and institutional infrastructure. The objective is to enable better living and driving economic growth for the benefit of all sections. This will be implemented through retrofitting (enhancing infrastructure in already built up areas and adopting smart solutions), redevelopment by demolishing already built up areas with fresh layouts for intensive land use and smart solutions, Pan-city projects for the benefit of all citizens like e-governance and appropriate smart solutions. Greenfield projects can be taken up for accommodating people outside existing cities.

AMRUT

Under AMRUT, focus will be on providing basic infrastructure like providing tap water and sewer connections to every urban household, solid waste management, provision of roads and public transport. Promotion of urban reforms to improve urban governance will also be supported. This Mission seeks to enable urban local bodies meet service level benchmarks in respect of various services. 500 cities with a population of above one lakh each would be included in AMRUT.

PMAY

Under this scheme, it is proposed to build 2 crore houses for urban poor including Economically Weaker Sections and Low Income Groups in urban areas by the year 2022. This Mission has four components:

1. In-situ Slum Redevelopment with private sector participation using land as resource

2. Affordable Housing through Credit Linked Subsidy

3. Affordable Housing in Partnership with private and public sector

4. Beneficiary led house construction/enhancement. 

Under these components, central assistance will be in the range of Rs.1 lakh to Rs.2.30 lakh.

Smart Cities & AMRUT Ciities

  • UP leads the pack as it has been given the opportunity to nominate 13 cities to be developed as smart cities, while 54 cities in the state have been identified under AMRUT scheme.

  • Tamil Nadu comes second with the allocation of 12 smart cities and 33 AMRUT cities.

  • Maharashtra has been alloted 10 cities to nominate under the smart city project, Gujarat and Karnataka are eligible to develop 6cities each.

  • Under AMRUT scheme, 37, 31 and 21 cities have been identified in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Karnataka respectively.

  • Delhi has got one city each for Smart City and AMRUT.

  • According to the criteria finalised by the government, West Bengal and Rajasthan get to nominate 4 cities for the smart city project; Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab 3 cities; Odisha, Haryana, Telangana and Chhatisgarh 2 cities; and Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Jharkhand, Assam, Himachal, Goa, Arunachal and Chandigarh 1 city each.

  • Under the AMRUT scheme, 31 cities have been identified in Andhra Pradesh; 30 in Rajasthan; 28 in West Bengal; 27 in Bihar; 19 each in Odisha and Haryana; 18 in Kerala; 17 in Punjab; 15 in Telangana and 10 in Chhattisharh.

  • 12 states—UP, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, MP, Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Telangana and Chhattisgarh would lead the urban transformation piloted by the government.

  • These 12 states account for 70 per cent of smart cities to be developed and AMRUT cities to be rejuvenated.

  • UTs are also the responsibility of central government.


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