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Plans to Make Rural Development Schemes More Effective
Jan 04, 2015

The Ministry of Rural Development is likely to introduce Mobile Monitoring System for effective implementation of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, MGNREGA. The Monitoring System will be introduced on a pilot basis to allow real time monitoring of all works, workers attendance and work site measurement. The move is likely to plug leakages in the rural job scheme. Moreover, the Centre has recently sanctioned 147 crore rupees to the States to strengthen the social audit structures. Social Audit ensures comprehensive public scrutiny of records and accounts with a view to enhance transparency and accountability. The additional grant was sanctioned as States were finding it difficult to put the necessary institutional structures for social audit within the overall 6 percent administrative cost.

To devise a better mechanism to improve the quality and durability of assets created under MGNREGS, Schedule I to the MGNREG Act, 2005 has been modified to provide that at least 60 percent of the works being taken in a district in terms of cost shall be for creation of productive assets directly linked to agriculture and allied activities through development of land, water and trees.  It has also been notified that the 60:40 ratio of labour to material component will be maintained at the district level (instead of Block level) for the works to be executed by implementing agencies other than Gram Panchayats.

Detailed labour budget guidelines for 2015-16 were issued in July, 2014 introducing an Intensive Participatory Planning Exercise (IPPE) in 2500 backward blocks to bring greater participation and scientific methods in planning of works and to give due emphasis on convergence with a view to creating sustainable assets and providing focussed wage employment. Guidelines have been issued for watershed management works taken up independently under MGNREGS or in convergence with
Integrated Watershed Management Project.

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