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Panel for Fresh Demarcation of Federal Units in Nepal
Feb 24, 2016

The Nepal government has formed a political committee to resolve the fresh demarcation of federal units as demanded by Madhesi parties opposed to the country’s new Constitution.

  • The decision was made a day prior to Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli’s six-day official visit to India.

  • Madhesi parties, who have been demanding the redrawing of boundaries of states, have described the move as unilateral and questioned the committee’s validity in the absence of any terms of reference.

  • The 11-member committee, to be headed by deputy prime minister Kamal Thapa, will submit its recommendations in three months.

  • The committee will include members of opposition parties and the agitating Madhesi parties.

  • The United Democratic Madhesi Front (UDMF) is seeking a change in the seven-state model incorporated in the Constitution to accommodate two states in Madhes, the region in southern Nepal bordering India.

  • The UDMF had earlier agreed to settle the demarcation row by forming a political mechanism, but there were disagreements on details and the timeframe for settling the matter.

  • The government decided to go ahead and constitute the committee without taking the UDMF on board.

  • Top leaders of major political parties agreed to federate the country into seven provinces

  • The Constitution Drafting Committee forwarded the constitution bill with state demarcation to Constituent Assembly (CA) Chairman.

It is to be noted that in August 2015 a special committee revised federalism model, agreed to adopt seven-state. .A meeting of the special committee under Political Dialogue and Consensus Committee (PDCC) revised the previously agreed six-state federal model and agreed to create a separate province in Karnali by including some Eastern districts of the region.

According to the PDCC Chairman and UCPN (Maoist) leader Baburam Bhattarai, the previously proposed provinces 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, will remain unchanged. He informed that the final demarcation of the provinces will be decided by the soon-to-be formed federal commission.


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