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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Nuclear Power Share in Electricity Generation
Apr 06, 2016

The present (April 2015 to January 2016) share of nuclear power in the total electricity generation (30869 million units) is about 3.3%. The present installed capacity of 5780 Mw is expected to increase to about 13480 Mw by 2022 on progressive completion of projects under commissioning/construction and new projects that have been sanctioned. The actual share in generation would depend on the generation from all sources in that year.

The Government has accorded financial sanction for the projects planned to be completed by 2022 and entered into enabling agreements with foreign countries in respect of projects to be set up with international technical cooperation

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), a constituent unit of Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) is a multi-disciplinary Nuclear Research Centre of India having excellent infrastructure for Advanced Research and Development with expertise covering the entire spectrum of Nuclear Science and Engineering and related areas. A large amount of work involves development of various advanced innovative technologies which are realised after substantial research work carried out by our scientists and engineers.

Steps Taken by Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) to Enhance Research and Innovation in Nuclear Energy

DAE instituted Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS) to facilitate interaction and promote active collaboration with other premier institutes, research laboratories and Universities of India, to enhance research and innovation in the areas of nuclear energy. Research grants are awarded for sponsoring scientific symposia and workshops.

  • DAE encourages its young scientists to interact with outside world through established bilateral exchange schemes under various National Academies of India, Department of Science and Technology, and its own collaborating routes as well.

  • DAE and the University Grants Commission (UGC) had set up UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research at Indore in 1989, functioning under the UGC. The scope of the co-operation includes promoting high quality research programs in physical, chemical, life and engineering sciences. While the Consortium is headquartered in Indore, its Mumbai centre is located inside BARC, Trombay. It also has centres in Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC), Kolkata and Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam. DAE facilitated the UGC-DAE Consortium to set up their specialised centres in close proximity to the respective DAE units in the above four locations.

  • BARC has entered into Memorandum of Understanding with Universities of Mumbai and Pune. Under this scheme students get opportunity to pursue Ph. D. Programme in various disciplines under the guidance of specialists from BARC and also utilise the excellent infrastructure to carry out experiments.

  • DAE has been categorised as a mission-mode Organisation based on its track record, performance, innovations and realisation of strategic programmes. DAE has implemented Performance Related Incentive Scheme (PRIS) based on the recommendation of 6th Pay Commission in all the Units keeping in view the need to reward the performance of the organization and its personnel in realising predefined objectives and contributions made towards research and innovation activities.

  • PRIS is awarded after measuring the performance of Individual/Group/ Organization, against goals set for a given period of assessment.

  • Through the DAE award scheme, young scientists/engineers as well as senior scientists are rewarded for their exceptional contribution to the research and innovation activities of the Department. The rewards include cash incentive, medal and a citation.

  • As part of physical sciences, BARC is indigenously developing synchrotrons, linear accelerators to carry out research in high energy particle physics. A 21 metre diameter gamma ray telescope designed indigenously is to be installed at Hanle for high altitude research.

  • BARC is setting up a new Research Centre at Visakhapatnam for greenfield projects to meet the future demands for carrying out research and development activities in advanced areas of Nuclear Science and Engineering.

  • Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR) situated in Kalpakkam is also a multi-disciplinary R&D unit of DAE entrusted with indigenous development towards mastering of 2nd stage of the Nuclear Power Programme including Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) and associated closed fuel cycle technologies. The design for 500 Mw Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) has been completed and is at an advanced stage of commissioning at Kalpakkam. The first of its kind Fast Reactor Fuel Cycle Facility, aimed to close the fuel cycle of PFBR is under construction.

  • Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology located at Indore is one of the premier research and development unit of DAE working in the area of particle accelerators. RRCAT is also engaged in developing and deploying lasers of different kinds in the fields of advanced plasma research, nuclear power plants, biomedical applications, materials science and basic research.

  • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC), Kolkata, a constituent unit of DAE entrusted for research in nuclear sciences with excellent infrastructure for advanced research and development in the field of accelerator technology, is involved in the design and development of advanced and sophisticated Superconducting Radio Frequency Cavity technology intended to be used in energy frontier accelerator programmes in DAE.

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