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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Nobel Peace Prize 2015
Oct 10, 2015

The Nobel Peace Prize 2015 is awarded to National Dialogue Quartet for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011.

  • The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet is an alliance of four Tunisian civil society groups: the Tunisian General Labour Union, the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade, and Handicrafts, the Tunisian Human Rights League, and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers.

  • The National Dialogue Quartet received the Nobel Peace Prize for its patient negotiating efforts, which carried Tunisia through an extended constitutional crisis and laid the groundwork for the only democracy that remains following the 2011 Arab Spring demonstrations.

  • The group is not particularly famous, but the Nobel Peace Prize does often go to lesser-known groups, an effort by the Nobel Committee to promote and draw attention to their work and to whatever larger forces they represent.

  • This prize, then, is both in recognition of Tunisia's successful transition to democracy—think of it as a prize for all Tunisians who helped in that—and also an aspirational prize meant to encourage more such work, especially in the Middle East.

It was the fall of 2013 and Tunisia's newfound democracy was in grave danger. The assassination of a left-wing politician had prompted the opposition to walk out of the constitutional assembly. The government was paralyzed, the constitution unfinished and the country on the brink of war.

In nearby Egypt, which had followed Tunisia in a democratic revolution, a coup had just overthrown the Islamist government, and some sectors in Tunisia wanted to follow suit.

Then four civil society groups—the main labour union, the bar association, the employers' association and the human rights league—stepped into the fray. Working together, they got the Islamists to agree to resign in favour of a caretaker government that would organize new elections, while the angry opposition returned to the table to complete the country's constitution.


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