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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
New Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules Notified
Apr 04, 2016

The Union Government has released the new Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016. These new bio-medical waste management rules will change the way country used to manage this waste earlier. Under the new regime, the coverage has increased and also provides for pre-treatment of lab waste, blood samples, etc. It mandates bar code system for proper control. It has simplified categorisation and authorisation.

Salient Features

  • The ambit of the rules has been expanded to include vaccination camps, blood donation camps, surgical camps or any other healthcare activity.

  • Phase-out the use of chlorinated plastic bags, gloves and blood bags within two years.

  • Pre-treatment of the laboratory waste, microbiological waste, blood samples and blood bags through disinfection orsterilisation on-site in the manner as prescribed by WHOor NACO.

  • Provide training to all its health care workers and immunise all health workers regularly.

  • Establish a Bar-Code System for bags or containers containing bio-medical waste for disposal.

  • Report major accidents.

  • Existing incinerators to achieve the standards for retention time in secondary chamber and Dioxin and Furans within two years.

  • Bio-medical waste has been classified in to 4 categories instead 10 to improve the segregation of waste at source.

  • Procedure to get authorisation simplified. Automatic authorisation for bedded hospitals.  The validity of authorization synchronised with validity of consent orders for Bedded HCFs. One time Authorisation for Non-bedded HCFs.

  • The new rules prescribe more stringent standards for incinerator to reduce the emission of pollutants in environment.

  • Inclusion of emissions limits for Dioxin (Dioxins compounds are compounds that are highly toxic environmental persistent organic pollutants) and Furans (Furan is a heterocyclic organic compound, consisting of a five-membered aromatic ring with four carbon atoms and one oxygen.)

  • State Government to provide land for setting up common bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility.

  • No occupier shall establish on-site treatment and disposal facility, if a service of common bio-medical waste treatment facility is available at a distance of 75 kilometer.

  • Operator of a common bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility to ensure the timely collection of bio-medical waste from the HCFs and assist the HCFs in conduct of training.

What is Bio-medical Waste?

Biomedical waste comprises human & animal anatomical waste, treatment apparatus like needles, syringes and other materials used in health care facilities in the process of treatment and research.  This waste is generated during diagnosis, treatment or immunisation in hospitals, nursing homes, pathological laboratories, blood bank, etc.

Scientific disposal of Biomedical Waste through segregation, collection and treatment in an environmentally sound manner minimises the adverse impact on health workers and on the environment. The hospitals are required to put in place the mechanisms for effective disposal either directly or through common biomedical waste treatment and disposal facilities.  The hospitals servicing 1000 patients or more per month are required to obtain authorisation and segregate biomedical waste in to 10 categories, pack five colour backs for disposal.

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