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NITI Ayog Report: India Lags Behind Other Developing Countries in Health Goals:
Jun 24, 2015

According to a recent paper prepared by NITI Ayog, India’s progress in health outcomes during the last two decades has been slower as compared to other developing countries with comparable income. The paper titled Health Systems in India: Bridging the Gap between Current Performance and Potential, also highlights the crucial loopholes in India’s healthcare system.

  • Despite impressive gains in per capita income, India’s Human Development Index rank has stagnated since 2008, having risen by only 1 unit. In comparison to Nepal, which has risen by 4 units and Bangladesh which has risen by 2 units.

  • China and Bangladesh have fared much better compared to India in terms of dealing with infectious diseases like tuberculosis and measles. In India, mortality due to tuberculosis has come down by 43.6% from 2000 to 2012, whereas in China deaths from the disease, during the same period, has dropped by 63.1%. India is also dealing with increasing problems of drug resistant tuberculosis.

  • India’s progress in reducing IMR(Infant Mortality Rate) and MMR (Maternal Mortality Rate)  has also been much lower than that of countries like Cambodia, Nepal, Bangladesh, and others, which are at a similar stage of development and have comparable incomes, the paper said.

  • There is also a huge difference between the health outcomes of the states. States like Tamil Nadu have extremely strong health systems founded in primary care and public health. The challenge is to replicate such successes all over the country

  • Achievements under various health indicators during last two decades of India and other countries like China, Bangladesh, Nepal and Vietnam were compared. 

  • In most of the parameters, India stood at the bottom of the table as compared to other countries.


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