Study Material | Test Series | Crash Course
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
Current Affairs Crash Course Download Player Download Android App
Law Commission report on Human DNA Profiling
Sep 06, 2017

[GS Paper II: (Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies)]

The Law Commission of India has recently submitted a report on ‘Human DNA Profiling’. The report also proposes a draft Bill ‘The DNA Based Technology (Use and Regulation) Bill, 2017’ for the use and regulation of DNA based technology.

DNA profiling

  • DNA profiling is a scientific technique used for disaster victim identification, investigation of crimes, identification of missing persons and human remains, and for medical research purposes.
  • The report states the need for the regulation of human DNA profiling by a special law with defined standards, quality controls and quality assurance systems. Further, such profiling would be restricted to certain purposes only.

Need for a legislation

  • The Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2005 added explanations to clarify the scope of medical examination with respect to extraction of bodily substances.
  •  This includes the examination of blood, sputum, hair samples, etc. by scientific techniques including DNA profiling.
  • The Report notes that DNA analysis offers substantial information which if misused may cause serious harm to individuals and the society. 
  • Its misuse may result in disclosure of personal information affecting the privacy of the person concerned. 
  • In this context, the Report highlights the absence of an appropriate regulatory mechanism for the handling of DNA samples and profiles.

The Draft DNA Based Technology (Use and Regulation) Bill, 2017

  • Only for identification: DNA profiling would be undertaken exclusively for identification of a person and would not be used to extract any other information. Further no bodily substances will be taken from a person unless the consent is given for the same.
  • DNA Profiling Board: A DNA Profiling Board will be constituted as a statutory body which will be responsible to supervise, monitor, inspect and assess DNA laboratories.
  • DNA Data Bank: The Bill proposes a National DNA Data Bank and Regional DNA Data Banks (for the states). The Data Banks will be responsible for storing DNA profiles received from the accredited laboratories.
  • Penalties: The violators of the provisions would be liable for punishment of imprisonment, which may extend up to three years and also a fine which may extend up to Rs two lakhs.

Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.