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Launch of Inactivated Polio Vaccine
Dec 02, 2015

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched the injectable Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) in India as part of its commitment to the ‘Global Polio Endgame Strategy’. In a landmark step to provide double protection to our children and securing our gains of polio eradication, the Government of India is introducing IPV into its routine immunization program along with oral polio vaccine.

Main Features

  • In the first phase this vaccine will be introduced in six states—Assam, Gujarat, Punjab, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.

  • IPV injection will be given to children below one year of age along with the third dose of the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) at the routine immunization sessions free of cost.

  • New evidences now clearly show that IPV and OPV together will further strengthen the children’s immune system and will provide double protection against polio.

  • The introduction of IPV in routine immunization is as per recommendation made in World Health Assembly in May, 2015 and endorsed by Global Polio Endgame Strategy.

  • IPV will roll-out to 126 countries which are only using OPV in the National programme.

  • It will be the largest and fastest globally-coordinated vaccine introduction project in history. 

  • While keeping intact its polio agenda, India is utilizing the opportunities to intensify efforts to ensure full immunization of all children in the country.

  • Every new vaccine introduction gives the added opportunity of health system strengthening.

  • Apart from introduction of new vaccines such as Pentavalent and IPV, the Government of India is ensuring that every last child in the country is benefited by the immunization programme.

  • To achieve this, Mission Indradhanush was launched in unidentified high and medium focus districts across the country in two phases.

  • Phase-1 of Mission Indradhanush has been completed where more than 75 lakh children were vaccinated, of which about 20 lakh children were fully vaccinated.

  • Phase-2 has also started from 7th October 2015 in 352 districts.

  • The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is considered one of the key socio-economic developmental indicators. India has reduced IMR from 58 per 1000 live births in 2005 to 40 per 1000 live births. Annual rate of decline of IMR is 4.5 % during 2005-13 which is higher as compared to 3.1% during 2000-2005.

  • Interventions like Special New Born Care Units, New Born Stabilization Units, New Born Care Corners, and Home based Neonatal Care by ASHA have geared up reduction in IMR.

  • Recent initiatives like RMNCHA+ and India Newborn Action Plan reflect the country’s will to further advance in this direction. 


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