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India's National Solar Mission Being Scaled up Five-Fold
Apr 25, 2015

India has made considerable progress in tackling climate change issues. The year 2015 is going to witness new agreements on climate change and sustainable development. India has been following action-oriented policies to bring rapid development to its people while purposefully addressing climate change. India has been one of the foremost advocates of long-terms global cooperation in combating climate change in accordance with the principles and provisions of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). 

India launched its National Action Plan on Climate Change way back in 2008 and is currently revisiting National Missions in the light of new scientific information and technological advances.

  • India’s total renewable power installed capacity as 31 December 2014 has reached 33.8 GegaWatts (GW).

  • Wind energy continues to dominate this share accounting for 66 per cent of installed capacity followed by biomass, small hydro power and solar power.

  • India’s National Solar Mission is being scaled up 5-fold to 1,00,000 Mega Watts (MW) by 2022 In the next five years proposals are likely to generate business opportunities of the order of 160 billion dollars in the renewable energy sector.

  • It offers very good opportunity for businesses to set and scale up industry, leapfrog technologies and create volumes.

  • Some of India’s major immediate plans on renewable energy include scaling up cumulative installed capacity to 170 GW and establishing a National University for Renewable Energy.

  • India introduced the clean energy cess on coal in 2010 which very few countries have in the world.

  • This has been doubled to Rs.100 per tonne in 2014.

  • The total collection so far under the National Clean Energy Fund NCEF has crossed Rs. 17,000 crores and till September, 2014, 46 clean energy projects worth Rs.16,511.43 crores have been recommended for funding out of this fund.

  • Efforts are also under way by the government to build India’s institutional capacity for mobilizing climate change finance.

  • India has set a National Adaptation Fund with an initial corpus of Rs.100 crores in 2014 to support adaptation actions to combat the challenges of climate change in sectors like agriculture, water and forestry. 

India’s development plans lay a balanced emphasis on economic development and the environment. The country has witnessed the introduction of landmark environmental measures for conservation of rivers, improvement of urban air quality, enhanced forestation, significant increase in installed capacity of renewable energy technologies, shift towards public transport and enhancing rural and urban infrastructure. 

Recent key initiatives include the Swachh Bharat Mission, Clean Ganga Plan, scaling up of the National Solar Mission fivefold from 20,000 MW to 1,00,000 MW with an additional investment requirement of 100 billion dollar, development of 100 smart cities with integrated policies for sustainable development and preparations for developing a National Air Quality Index and a National Air Quality Scheme.


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