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India's First ever National Disaster Management Plan
Jun 14, 2016

Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently released the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP). This is the first ever national plan prepared in the country.

Aims of the Plan

  • It aims to make India disaster resilient and significantly reduce the loss of lives and assets.
  • The plan is based on the four priority themes of the Sendai Framework—understanding disaster risk, improving disaster risk governance, investing in disaster risk reduction (through structural and non-structural measures) and disaster preparedness, early warning and building back better in the aftermath of a disaster.

Salient Features of the Plan

  • The plan covers all phases of disaster management: prevention, mitigation, response and recovery.
  • It provides for horizontal and vertical integration among all the agencies and departments of the Government.
  • The plan also spells out the roles and responsibilities of all levels of Government right up to Panchayat and Urban Local Body level in a matrix format.
  • The plan has a regional approach, which will be beneficial not only for disaster management but also for development planning.
  • It is designed in such a way that it can be implemented in a scalable manner in all phases of disaster management.
  • It also identifies major activities such as early warning, information dissemination, medical care, fuel, transportation, search and rescue, evacuation, etc. to serve as a checklist for agencies responding to a disaster.
  • It also provides a generalized framework for recovery and offers flexibility to assess a situation and build back better.
  • To prepare communities to cope with disasters, it emphasizes on a greater need for Information, Education and Communication activities.

Vision of the Plan

  • The NDMP has been aligned broadly with the goals and priorities set out in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
  • The Vision of the Plan is to Make India disaster resilient, achieve substantial disaster risk reduction, and significantly decrease the losses of life, livelihoods, and assets–economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental–by maximizing the ability to cope with disasters at all levels of administration as well as among communities.

For each hazard, the approach used in this national plan incorporates the four priorities enunciated in the Sendai Framework into the planning framework for Disaster Risk Reduction under the five Thematic Areas for Actions:

1. Understanding Risk
2. Inter-Agency Coordination
3. Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)–Structural Measures
4. Investing in DRR–Non-Structural Measures
5. Capacity Development

Response Part of the Plan

  • Early Warning, Maps, Satellite inputs, Information Dissemination
  • Evacuation of People and Animals
  • Search and Rescue of People and Animals
  • Medical Care
  • Drinking Water/Dewatering Pumps/Sanitation Facilities/Public Health
  • Food & Essential Supplies
  • Communication
  • Housing and Temporary Shelters
  • Power
  • Fuel
  • Transportation
  • Relief Logistics and Supply Chain Management
  • Disposal of Animal Carcasses
  • Fodder for livestock in scarcity-hit areas
  • Rehabilitation and Ensuring Safety of Livestock and other Animals, Veterinary Care
  • Data Collection and Management
  • Relief Employment
  • Media Relations

Measures for Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance

  • Mainstream and integrate DRR and Institutional Strengthening
  • Capacity Development
  • Promote Participatory Approaches
  • Work with Elected Representatives
  • Grievance Redress Mechanism
  • Management

The National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) provides a framework and direction to the government agencies for all phases of disaster management cycle.

The NDMP is a dynamic document in the sense that it will be periodically improved keeping up with the emerging global best practices and knowledge bases in disaster management.

The Plan also highlights that the disaster risk reduction will be achieved by mainstreaming the requirements into the developmental plans.

Globally, the approach towards post-disaster restoration and rehabilitation has shifted to one of betterment reconstruction. The NDMP provides a generalized framework for recovery since it is not possible to anticipate all the possible elements of betterment reconstruction.

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