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India's First National Disaster Management Plan
Jun 03, 2016

Prime Minister Narendra Modi released the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) on June 1. This is the first ever national plan prepared in the country.

The plan aims to make India disaster resilient and reduce loss of lives.

The plan is based on the four priority themes of the ‘Sendai Framework’:

1. Understanding disaster risk

2. Improving disaster risk governance

3. Investing in disaster risk reduction (through structural and non-structural measures)

4. Disaster preparedness, early warning and building back better in the aftermath of a disaster

Salient Features

  • The plan covers all phases of disaster management: Prevention, Mitigation, Response and Recovery.

  • It provides for horizontal and vertical integration among all the agencies and departments of the Government.

  • The plan also spells out the roles and responsibilities of all levels of Government right up to Panchayat and Urban local body level in a matrix format.

  • The plan has a regional approach, which will be beneficial not only for disaster management but also for development planning.

  • It is designed in such a way that it can be implemented in a scalable manner in all phases of disaster management.

  • It also identifies major activities such as early warning, information dissemination, medical care, fuel, transportation, search and rescue, evacuation, etc to serve as a checklist for agencies responding to a disaster.

  • It also provides a generalised framework for recovery and offers flexibility to assess a situation and build back better.

  • To prepare communities to cope with disasters, it emphasises on a greater need for Information, Education and Communication activities.

This plan is a further boost to disaster risk governance in India following the inauguration of India’s National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction two years ago. The country’s faces a formidable range of both man-made and natural hazards as evidenced by the drought which is currently affecting over 300 million people.

UN Welcomes the Plan

The head of the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, Robert Glasser congratulated the Indian government for producing the country’s first ever National Disaster Management Plan. He said, Indian government has set such a fine example to the rest of the world when it comes to political commitment to reducing disaster losses and managing disaster risk.

The Government of India is one of the first in the world to come out publically with a plan which seeks to implement the four priorities for action of the Sendai Framework, focussed on spreading a greater understanding of disaster risk through education and public information, investing in disaster resilient infrastructure and committing to improved disaster preparedness and building back better in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

Sendai Framework

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (Sendai Framework) is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action. It was endorsed by the UN General Assembly following the 2015 Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR).

The Sendai Framework is the successor instrument to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resillience of Nations and Communities to Disasters.

4 Priorities of Action

1. Understanding Disaster Risk: Disaster risk management should be based on an understanding of disaster risk in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure of persons and assets, hazard characteristics and the environment. Such knowledge can be used for risk assessment, prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response.

2. Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance to Manage Disaster Risk: Disaster risk governance at the national, regional and global levels is very important for prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery, and rehabilitation. It fosters collaboration and partnership.

3. Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience: Public and private investment in disaster risk prevention and reduction through structural and non-structural measures are essential to enhance the economic, social, health and cultural resilience of persons, communities, countries and their assets, as well as the environment.

4. Enhancing Disaster Preparedness for Effective Response and to ‘Build Back Better’ in Recovery, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction: The growth of disaster risk means there is a need to strengthen disaster preparedness for response, take action in anticipation of events, and ensure capacities are in place for effective response and recovery at all levels. The recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction phase is a critical opportunity to build back better, including through integrating disaster risk reduction into development measures.

7 Global Targets

1. Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030, aiming to lower average per 100,000 global mortality rate in the decade 2020-2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.

2. Substantially reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030, aiming to lower average global figure per 100,000 in the decade 2020 -2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.

3. Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to global Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 2030.

4. Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030.

5. Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020.

6. Substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation of this Framework by 2030.

7. Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to the people by 2030.


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