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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Indian Diaspora is Largest in the World
Jan 18, 2016

According to a new study on international migration by the United Nations, India now has the world’s largest diaspora. Over 15.5 million Indians live outside the country, a number greater than the combined populations of Zimbabwe and Kuwait. Since 2005, when Indians formed the world’s third largest diaspora at 9.5 million, their numbers have risen by staggering 60 per cent.

Key Points

  • The total number of international migrants—people living in a country other than the one of their birth—grew by over 41% since 2000 to 244 million, or about 3.3% of the world population.

  • The rise in the number of international migrants reflects the increasing importance of international migration, which has become an integral part of our economies and societies.

  • Well-managed migration brings important benefits to countries of origin and destination, as well as to migrants and their families.”

  • Over two thirds of the immigrant population was hosted in just about 20 countries.

  • The US remained home to the largest immigrant population in the world at more than 46 million, followed by Germany at 12 million. 

  • United Arab Emirates, which hosted a little over 2.4 million immigrants in 1995, now has over 8.1 million.

  • In Europe, Northern America and Oceania, international migrants account for at least 10% of the total population. 

  • In Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean, fewer than 2% the population are international migrants.

  • The survey conducted by the UN department of economic and social affairs (DESA) said the number of international migrants—persons living in a country other than where they were born—reached 244 million in 2015 for the world as a whole, a 41 per cent increase compared to 2000.

  • Nearly two thirds of international migrants live in Europe (76 million) or Asia (75 million).

  • Mexico's diaspora population stood at 12 million. Other countries with large diaspora included Russia, China, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Ukraine. 

  • Of the 20 countries with the largest number of international migrants living abroad, 11 were in Asia, 6 in Europe, and one each in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and Northern America.

  • This figure includes almost 20 million refugees. 

The survey further said that in 2015, two thirds of all international migrants were living in only 20 countries, starting with the US, which hosted 19 per cent of all migrants at 46.6 million, followed by Germany, Russia, Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom, and the United Arab Emirates.  India ranked 12th out of these 20 countries, hosting 5.2 million migrants in 2015, a drop from 7.5 million in 1990. 

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