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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Indian Army Carried Out Surgical Strikes Along LoC
Sep 30, 2016

Indian DGMO Lt General Ranbir Singh in a joint press briefing with the MEA revealed that Indian forces led by a Special Operations Group led the surgical strikes operation and caused significant casualties to terrorists. 

  • Indian Army carried out surgical strikes on Pakistani terrorists positioned across the Line of Control on terror launch-pads on 28 September night. 
  • Exchange of fire which started at 0230 hrs after midnight continued till 0800 hrs.
  • Indian forces led by a Special Operations Group led the surgical strikes operation and caused significant casualties to terrorists and those who were shielding them.
  • During these counter terrorist operations significant casualties were caused to terrorists and those providing support to them. 
  • Indian army said two of its soldiers had been killed in firing on the LoC in Bhimber, Hotspring, Kel and Lipa sectors. 

As Pakistan upped its Air Force exercises and air surveillance near the LoC recently, India acted the same and issued high-alerts on the border and mobilised Indian fighters. Pakistan has historically used unprovoked firing on the LoC to divert the attention of Indian deployments to facilitate infiltration of terrorists.

India had repeatedly warned Pakistan not to allow its territory to be used for terrorist activities. Besides, India had called for an international diplomatic boycott of Pakistan as it shielded terrorists on its land.

What is a surgical strike?

  • A surgical strike is essentially a swift and targeted attack on specific target that aims to neutralise them while ensuring minimum collateral damage to the surrounding areas and civilians. 
  • Neutralisation of targets with surgical strikes also prevents escalation to a full blown war. 
  • Surgical strikes are part of India’s Cold Start doctrine and have proved effective in foiled a new infiltration bid by terrorists groups across the LoC who were ready to attack several locations in Jammu and Kashmir and other Metro cities in India.

How is it carried out?

  • These attacks can be carried out via air raids, air-dropping special operation teams or a ground operation. 
  • All three Indian armed forces have their separate special operation teams. 
  • The details of the surgical strikes have not been revealed by the Indian authorities.
  • External intelligence is vital to carrying out these attacks and these special operation teams work closely with the service intelligence departments, Intelligence Bureau and R&AW hawks.
  • Going by covert tactics and the terrain around the LoC studied in light of military deployments on both sides, the most favoured option would have been to lead a special operation team through the ground route after being airdropped across the border via helicopters. 
  • The special operation teams would then make their way to the terror sanctuaries and act with clinical precision to inflict maximum damage to the terrorists and their supporters.
  • The Special Operations are complex and need to be diligently planned and coordinated on various levels. It also needs an effective C4ISR support from the operational command. The C4ISR support requires-command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance & reconnaissance.
  • India Army’s Parachute Regiments have highly trained para-commandos that are specially drilled to carry out such operations. 
  • The Indian Navy boasts of its feared marine commandos or MARCOS and the Indian Air Force has Garudas for asset protection and containment.
  • These attacks can also be carried out by precision bombing using precision guided munitions. 

These tactics are especially useful in densely populated areas where raiding ground forces have a higher risk of sustaining casualties and in this case would not be the logical choice.

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