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India will be World's Most Populous Country in 2022
Aug 04, 2015

According to an UN report, India is on track to become the world’s most populous nation in less than a decade or six years earlier than previously thought. 

■ By the middle of the century, there are likely to be as many as 9.7 billion people worldwide, with six of the 10 largest countries—India, China, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan and the U.S.—expected to have populations exceeding 300 million people.

■ With 1.38 billion people compared with India’s 1.31 billion, China is currently the world’s most populous country. 

■ Figures for both countries are expected to swell to around 1.4 billion by 2022, at which point India’s population is likely to expand beyond China’s.

■ At the end of the next decade, in 2030, India is projected to have 1.5 billion people, a figure that’s forecast to balloon to 1.7 billion by 2050. 

■ China’s population, on the other hand, is forecast to remain relatively stable until the 2030s.

■ In a forecast published two years ago, India had been expected to overtake China around the year 2028.

■ The projections from the population division of the U.N.’s economic and social affairs unit were published in a new report that also forecast an expansion in the world’s overall population to 8.5 billion by 2030. 

■ India’s population is not growing the fastest, however, with Nigeria growing at such a rapid pace that it is expected to have more people than the U.S. by 2050, at which point it is likely to become the third most populous country in the world.

While the global projections should not be cause for alarm, the concentration of population growth in the poorest countries presents a distinct set of challenges, making it more difficult to eradicate poverty and inequality, to combat hunger and malnutrition, and to expand educational enrollment and health systems.

 


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