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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
India becomes Member of MTCR
Jun 30, 2016

On 27 June, India joined the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) as a full member and said its entry would be mutually beneficial to enhance global non-proliferation norms.

Marking India’s first entry into any multilateral export control regime, Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar signed the instrument of accession to MTCR in the presence of France’s Ambassador-designate Alexandre Ziegler, The Netherlands’ Ambassador Alphonsus Stoelinga and Luxembourg’s Chargé d’Affaires Laure Huberty.

  • India’s entry into the regime as its 35th member would be mutually beneficial in the furtherance of international non-proliferation objectives.
  • The MTCR Point of Contact in Paris has conveyed the decision regarding India’s accession to the regime through the French Embassy in New Delhi as well as the Embassies of the Netherlands and Luxembourg.
  • India’s entry into MTCR comes days after it failed to get NSG membership due to stiff opposition from China and a few other countries.
  • China, which stonewalled India’s entry into the 48-nation Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) at the just- concluded Seoul plenary, is not a member of MTCR.
  • Since its civil nuclear deal with the US, India has been trying to get into export control regimes like NSG, MTCR, the Australia Group and the Wassenaar Arrangement that regulate the conventional, nuclear, biological and chemicals weapons and technologies.
  • The MTCR membership will now enable India to buy high-end missile technology and also enhance its joint ventures with Russia.
  • The aim of the MTCR is to restrict the proliferation of missiles, complete rocket systems, unmanned air vehicles and related technology for those systems capable of carrying a 500 kilogramme payload for at least 300 kilometres, as well as systems intended for the delivery of weapons of mass destruction.

What is MTCR

Set up in 1987, the voluntary MTCR is a group of 35 countries including India, its newest member. The group aims at controlling the spread of ballistic missiles and unmanned delivery systems that can be used for biological, chemical or nuclear warfare.

In other words, the grouping looks at restricting the export of missiles or missile technologies capable of carrying a 500kg payload to minimum 300km or weapons of mass destruction through strict end-use monitoring and each member country aligning their national export control policies with the MTCR guidelines.

Gains for India

  • India has been planning to sell Brahmos, jointly developed with Russia, to many countries including Vietnam. Becoming an MTCR member makes this process smoother. India also has keen interest in the fields such as space shuttles, drones, etc. The MTCR membership is seen as necessary in taking the trade or partnership in these areas forward with other countries.
  • The MTCR has been credited with either slowing down or stopping many missile programmes.
  • Argentina, Egypt, and Iraq had given up their joint Condor II ballistic missile programme.
  • Brazil, South Africa, South Korea, and Taiwan had either kept on hold or abandoned some missile programmes.
  • But the regime is also measured against its failure in curtailing the missile programmes of Iran, North Korea, Pakistan, etc.

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