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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
India-U.S. "2 by 2"Dialogue
Aug 19, 2017

[GS Paper II: (Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests)]

Why in News?

India and the U.S. have decided to set up a new dialogue mechanism that would include defence and foreign ministers of the two countries. The dialogue format would be likely called “2 by 2”.

“2 by 2” Dialogue 

  • The India-U.S. “2 by 2”dialogue will be on the lines of India-Japan 2+2 dialogue format.
  • The India-U.S. “2 by 2”dialogue would replace the existing India-U.S. Strategic and Commercial Dialogue for trade and commercial issues.
  • India and the U.S. will now have a separate dialogue on commercial issues, which will not include the foreign ministers.

Significance of “2 by 2” Dialogue 

  • The objective of this dialogue mechanism is to raise defence and security issues to the forefront and centre of the relationship between India and the U.S.
  • It is aimed at enhancing peace and stability across the Indo-Pacific region by elevating strategic consultations in the dialogue.
  • The shared priorities include job creation, improving the business and investment climate and sustaining a rules-based global order.
  • The U.S. has strategic consultations in this format with key partners and allies including Australia, Japan and the Philippines.

PT Facts

  • The first India-U.S. Strategic and Commercial Dialogue was held in 2015 in Washington and the second in New Delhi in 2016. 
  • The India-U.S. Strategic and Commercial Dialogue was seen as an elevation of the India-U.S. Strategic Dialogue in place since 2009 which focused on regional security, economic cooperation, defence, trade and climate challenges.
  • The 2+2 (diplomatic and security) dialogue format between India and Japan was launched in 2010. The 2+2 format provides for the annual consultations over a range of overlapping security and political issues between the foreign and defence ministers of both the countries.


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