Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
prelims Test Series 2019
सेमिनार: अंग्रेज़ी सीखने का अवसर (23 सितंबर: दोपहर 3 बजे)
India-South Korea Sign Pact for Port Development
May 06, 2016

An MoU was signed between India & South Korea for cooperation and mutual assistance in port related matters. It is recalled that Maritime India Summit (MIS), 2016 held recently in Mumbai, was a maiden flagship initiative of India that provides a unique platform for participants to explore potential business opportunities in Indian Maritime Sector. South Korea was the Partner Country of MIS, 2016. A delegation of over 100 participants from South Korea attended the Summit.

  • The MoU is expected to help both countries to encourage and facilitate development of ports, port-related industries and maritime relationship.

  • It will also enhance cooperation in the tasks of sharing of technology, experiences in the fields of port development and operation, exchange of information on construction, building, engineering and related aspects in the field of port development, among others.

Major Sea Ports in India

With a coastline of more than 7,500 km, India forms one of the biggest peninsulas in the world. The country has 12 major sea ports and about 200 non-major sea ports and intermediate ports. All the sea ports are located in the following states - Maharashtra, Gujarat, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Daman and Diu, Andhra Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal, Lakshadweep, Puducherry and Goa.

The major ports are administered by the Shipping Ministry of the Central Government, while the minor ports are taken care off by the Ministry of the respective States where they are located.

1. Mumbai Port: Locate at the mainland of west Mumbai, it is the largest port in India. About one-fifth of the foreign trade of India predominantly in mineral oil and dry cargo is handled by Mumbai Port alone.

2. Kandla Port: Located in the Gulf of Kutch, it is one of the prominent ports on the West Coast of the country. The port was developed to decongest Mumbai Port.

3. Chennai Port: The second largest port in India, Chennai Port (or Madras Port) primarily handles fertilisers, general cargo, iron-ore and petroleum products.

4. Jawaharlal Nehru Port (or Nhava Sheva Port): Situated in the Konkan region, it is a major port of the Arabian Sea and handles large volume of domestic cargo traffic and international container traffic.

5. Kolkata-Haldia Port: A major seaport located near the Hooghly River in West Bengal, it is the most important centre of jute industries. It is also known as the 'Gateway of Eastern India'.

6. Ennore Port: Located at the north of Chennai, this port was established to reduce congestion on Chennai Port. It is also India's first corporate port.

7. Kochi Port (or Cochin Port): Kochi Port is located on the sea route of the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. Export of tea and coffee and import of chemical fertilisers and mineral oil are handled by the port.

8. Paradip Port: The artificial deep-water port located in Odisha is an important port on the eastern shore. Coal, iron-ore and other dry cargoes are handled at the port. It has a cold handling plant, a railway system and a national highway that connects it to the road networks of the rest of the country.

9. Tuticorin Port: Tuticorin Port is one of the major ports in Tamil Nadu and one of the largest container terminals in India. The port handles the trade of coal, food grains, salt, sugar, petroleum products and edible oils and carries out major trade with the neighbouring country of Sri Lanka.

10. New Mangalore Port: Located at the southern tip of the Karnataka coast, it is also an important port in India. The port exports commodities such as granite stones, cashew, manganese and coffee and imports products like LPG, timber, cargo container and others.

11. Marmagao: It is an important port of Goa located at the entrance of Zuvari estuary and occupies fifth position in handling the traffic. Its harbour is protected and holds about 50 streamers in fair season and 15 steamers in rainy season. It has the capacity to handle 16.1 million tonnes of cargo traffic.

12. Visakhapatnam: It is the deepest land-locked and protected port built at the coast of Andhra Pradesh. An outer harbour has been developed to handle the export of iron-ore. Elaborate arrangements have been made to handle crude oil and other petroleum products. It also handles fertilizers. Vishakhapatnam has a capacity of handling 16.7 million tonnes of cargo traffic. It also has the ship-building and ship-repair industry.

Minor Ports

There are 185 minor ports, with a pronounced accent on the west coast. These ports are located in Gujarat (40), Maharashtra (53), Goa (5), Daman and Diu, (2) Karnataka (9), Kerala (13), Lakshadweep (10), Tamil Nadu (14), Pondicherry (1), Andhra Pradesh (12), Odisha (2), West Bengal (1) and Andaman & Nicobar (23).

Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.