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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
India Ranks 12th in Nuclear Power Generation
Aug 01, 2015

There are 31 countries including India in the world which generate electricity from nuclear source. According to the data published in May 2015, by Power Reactor Information System (PRIS) of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), India ranked at 12th position in terms of power generation. However, it stood at 6th position in terms of number of reactors in operation countrywise, globally. 

  • The current installed nuclear power capacity is 5780 Mw, which is expected to increase to 10080 Mw on progressive completion of projects under commissioning/construction by 2019. 

  • The Government has accorded financial sanction and administrative approval for Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (GHAVP) Units–1&2 (2x700 Mw) and Kudankulam Units-3&4 (2x1000 Mw) with a total capacity of 3400 MW. These projects are being prepared for launch in the current year. 

  • In addition, one Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor of 500 Mw capacity at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu is at advanced stage of commissioning. 

  • Construction of two more Fast Breeder Reactors (FBR 1&2) of 600 Mw capacity each at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu is also planned. 

  • More nuclear power projects based both on indigenous technologies and with international cooperation are planned in future. 

India has signed Nuclear Agreements with the USA, France, Russia, Namibia, Mongolia, South Korea, Argentina, United Kingdom, Kazakhstan, Canada, Sri Lanka and Australia. 

Neuclear Power Reactors in India:

  • 21 nuclear power reactors are under operation in the country with an installed generating capacity of 5780 Mw. 

  • 13 reactors with a total installed capacity of 3380 MW (excepting one reactor of 100 Mw capacity located at Rawatbhata, Rajasthan which is under extended shutdown for techno-economic assessment) are under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards and are eligible for imported fuel. 

  • To meet requirement of fuel for reactors under IAEA safeguards, agreements for import of uranium are signed with Navoi Mining & Metallurgical Combinat State Company (NMMC), Uzbekistan; JSC TVEL Corporation, Russia; NAC Kazatomprom, Kazakhstan, and CAMECO, Canada. 

  • 8 reactors with a total installed capacity of 2400 Mw are fuelled by indigenous fuel. 

The Government has made efforts to augment indigenous uranium supply by opening of new mines and processing facilities thus narrowing down the demand-supply gap for reactors using indigenous fuel. As a result, there has been a progressive improvement in capacity utilisation of nuclear power plants. 

Contracts have recently been entered into for import of Uranium with CAMECO, Canada for supply of 2750–3000 MT of Uranium Ore Concentrate during 2015–2020; and Kazatomprom, Kazakhstan for supply of 5000 MT of Uranium Ore Concentrate during 2015–2019.

General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC) have on 12th June, 2015 launched Indian Nuclear Insurance Pool (INIP) with the capacity of Rs. 1500 crore to provide insurance to cover the liability as prescribed under
Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act 2010.

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