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India-Pakistan Agree for More CBMs for Border Peace
Sep 14, 2015

India and Pakistan have finally managed successfully wrapping up the 3-day Director General level talks between Border Security Force (BSF) and Pakistan Rangers held in Delhi recently.

Key Issues

  • Both sides agreed to respect the decade-old ceasefire mechanism along the borders and not indulge in knee jerk reactions if a ceasefire violation is made by either side.

  • Instead of giving a prompt and equally bloody response to a ceasefire violation incident, as is the case currently, the two sides agreed that the side at the receiving end of a ceasefire violation would wait for one hour and get in touch with the aggressor.

  • Both sides agreed to initiate new Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) through regular exchange of sporting and cultural troupes and initiation of coordinated patrolling in specific border areas, apart from keeping in touch with each other through phone, email and fax.

  • In the case of exchange of mobile numbers, both the sides have to work out modalities as international calling is barred from border locations and hence mechanisms have to be put in place for this.

  • The latest set of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) are expected to be put in place in the next fortnight.

  • The BSF and Pakistan Rangers also decided to hold coordinated patrolling along international border in Gujarat, Rajasthan and Punjab and once this is successful, it will be conducted along the Jammu frontier too.

  • The joint record also mentioned that both sides will take extra steps to help and repatriate those who inadvertently cross the border and similarly ensure early release of apprehended fishermen.

  • It was also decided that any serious breach of ceasefire violation will be jointly investigated by the two sides.

  • Both sides put it on paper and came up with a joint record of discussions. The Joint Record of Discussion charting a future route map for cooperation between the two border guarding forces.

  • The joint record was signed and endorsed by the two chiefs—Border Security Force DG D.K. Pathak and Pak Rangers Director General Maj. Gen. Umar Farooq Burki

  • Besides the issue of ceasefire violations, the DGs of BSF and Pakistan Rangers also discussed incidents of firing at the borders, smuggling of narcotics, infiltration attempts and defence construction activities, apart from the issue of people unwittingly crossing over the border and a mechanism to facilitate their return.

  • These bi-annual border talks had taken place almost after a break of two years as relations between the two neighbours came under strain due to a host of issues. It was mutually agreed to hold the next talks in the first half of 2016 in Pakistan.


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