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India-Japan Sign Civil Nuclear Deal & 8 Other Pacts
Nov 14, 2016

Japan has signed a deal to sell civil nuclear power equipment and technology to India, as the two countries seek to boost business and security ties. The pact was signed on November 11 in Tokyo by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi.

  • The pact allows India to reprocess fuel and enrich uranium, though highly enriched uranium that can be used to make nuclear weapons is not permitted without written agreement by Japan.
  • This agreement have a clause to assure that India acts responsibly for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and it gets India to effectively participate in the non-proliferation treaty framework.
  • This move will boost bilateral economic and security ties and facilitate US-based players to set up atomic plants in India.

This is the first time Japan agreed to such a deal with a country that is not a member of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. The treaty ban nations other than the five permanent members of the UN Security Council from developing and possessing nuclear weapons.

The two countries had reached a broad agreement for cooperation in civil nuclear energy sector during Abe’s visit to India in December last year, but the deal was yet to be signed as some issues were yet to be worked out.

Japan is a major player in the nuclear energy market and an atomic deal with it will make it easier for US-based nuclear plant makers Westinghouse Electric Corporation and GE Energy Inc to set up atomic plants in India as both these conglomerates have Japanese investments.

  • Other nations who have signed civil nuclear deal with India include the US, Russia, South Korea, Mangolia, France, Namibia, Argentina, Canada, Kazakhstan and Australia.

Other Pacts

Among the other agreements signed was one to skill 30,000 Indian youth in the Japanese styled manufacturing in the next 10 years. This would be achieved through the programmes of Japan-India Institute for Manufacturing (JIM) and the Japanese Endowed Courses (JEC) in select Engineering colleges. 

Pacts on cooperation in space, earth sciences, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, transport and urban development and sports were the others signed.


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