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India-China Plan Disaster Management Agenda
Mar 12, 2015

India is working closely with China and other countries of the Asia-Pacific region in setting the agenda for the post-2015 framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) that will replace the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) at the UN's conference on DRR in Sendai, Japan.

  • India is taking a lead role in the region with co-chairing the Asian ministerial conference ahead of signing of the new UN framework. 

  • The Asian meet will be co-chaired by UN head of DRR, Margareta Wahlstrom, and will have ministers from China, Malaysia, Korea, Indonesia and Thailand as other members. 

  • The UN framework will set ambitious targets for member countries to make a paradigm shift towards a new development model that prevents and reduces disaster risk and strengthens resilience.

  • The Sendai declaration will act as a policy framework to be adopted by signatory countries and commitments from governments towards DRR initiatives.

  • It is important for India to have the framework agreement modelled to its needs as it could impact infrastructure projects worth 1 trillion dollar targeted to be built in the next five years.

  • India has already shifted its focus towards DRR initiatives by making a provision of over Rs 55,000 crore (about 9 billion dollar) towards disaster management fund for states as part of the 14th Finance Commission grants.
  • In the new devolution plan, states will be free to spend on building resilience based on local needs.

  • Climate-related disasters account for over 80% of all disaster events and contribute enormously to economic losses and short and long-term population displacement. 

  • Stricter building guidelines are the need of time as at least 70% of all disaster-related deaths are caused by earthquakes alone. More than 155 million people have suffered displacement since 2008.

  • Despite many successes and greatly improved performance in disaster management it is sobering to note that 7 lakh people have died in disaster events over the last ten years.

  • Economic losses in major disasters, estimated at more than 1.4 trillion dollar in the last decade.

At the inter-governmental meeting in Bangkok last year, India had agreed on the development of an Asia-Pacific regional implementation plan and committed specific actions to enhance resilience at local levels; improve public investments; and enhance private sector role and Public-Private Partnership to build an enabling environment and partnerships for resilient business and risk-sensitive investments.

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