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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
India Aims to Double Tiger Count by 2022
Aug 04, 2016

The world has more tigers in captivity than in wild and this unique situation is mainly due to tiger breeding for commercial purposes. The scenario was highlighted jointly by 45 NGOs from across the globe on the occasion of International Tiger Day.

  • In the meeting India's environment minister Anil Madhav Dave reiterated the government's resolve to double the country's tiger population through conservation and care by 2022.
  • India also appealed to tourists to visit India to see tigers. With 2,226 tigers in its forests reserves, India is home to majority of the world's wild tiger population.
  • India has contributing significantly towards achieving the St Petersburg target, commonly referred to as the global wildlife conservation goal ‘TX2', which aims to double tiger numbers in the next six years.
  • The NGOs noted the proliferation of tiger trade in the world which prompted poachers to lay their hands on tigers wherever they find opportunities to kill them for their body parts.
  • Led by the London-based Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA), these organisations noted that there are 7,000-8,000 captive tigers in the world. They are mainly in four tiger farming countries—China, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam—where they are bred for illegal trade.
  • Incidentally , the number of captive tigers is estimated to be double the number of wild tigers (3,890 till April, 2016) in the world.

Noting that tiger farming in four countries actually undermined tiger conservation efforts across Asia, these organisations urged countries with tiger farms to adopt urgent action to end tiger breeding for commercial purposes and phase out tiger farms. But the governments of China, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam have allowed tiger farming and trade to spiral out of control.

All eyes now are on governments as they prepare for the 17th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in Johannesburg at the end of September.

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