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INDIA'S CARBON EMISSIONS INCREASE BY 5.2% IN 2015
Nov 16, 2016

What we are discussing?: Global Carbon Budget Analysis

According to a new research the global CO2 emissions remained nearly flat for three years in a row. This new research was conducted by the researchers of University of East Anglia (UEA) in the UK and the ‘Global Carbon Project’.

India’s Share Increases by 5.2% in 2015

  • India’s carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels increased by 5.2% while China’s decreased by 0.7% in 2015 
  • India contributed 6.3% of all global CO2 emissions, with emissions increasing 5.2%, in 2015 continuing a period of strong growth.

World Scenario & Future Projection

  • Decreased use of coal in China is the main reason behind the 3-year slowdown.  
  • The data shows emissions growth remained below 1% despite GDP growth exceeding 3%. 
  • China—the biggest emitter of CO2 at 29%—saw emissions decrease by 0.7% in 2015, compared to growth of more than 5% per year the previous decade. 
  • A further reduction of 0.5% is projected for 2016, though with large uncertainties. 
  • The US, the second biggest emitter of CO2 at 15%, also reduced its coal use while increasing its oil and gas consumption and saw emissions decrease 2.6% last year. 
  • US emissions are projected to decrease by 1.7% in 2016. 
  • The EU’s 28 member states are the third largest emitter causing 10% of emissions. The EU’s CO2 emissions went up 1.4% in 2015, in contrast with longer term decreases. 
  • Global carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels did not grow in 2015 and are projected to rise only slightly in 2016, marking three years of almost no growth. 
  • The projected rise of only 0.2% for 2016 marks a clear break from the rapid emissions growth of 2.3% per year in the decade to 2013, with just 0.7% growth seen in 2014. 

Key Highlights of Global Carbon Budget Analysis

  • Although the break in emissions rise ties in with the pledges by countries to decrease emissions until 2030, it falls short of the reductions needed to limit climate change well below 2°C.
  • The Global Carbon Budget analysis also shows that, in spite of a lack of growth in emissions, the growth in atmospheric CO2 concentration was a record-high in 2015, and could be a record again in 2016 due to weak carbon sinks. 
  • Part of the CO2 emissions are absorbed by the ocean and by trees. With temperatures soaring in 2015 and 2016, less CO2 was absorbed by trees because of the hot and dry conditions related to the El Nino event.
  • Atmospheric CO2 levels have exceeded 400 parts per million (ppm) and will continue to rise and cause the planet to warm until emissions are cut down to near zero.

 


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