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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Human Development Index 2013: India Ranks 135
Jul 27, 2014

A latest report of United Nations Development Programme shows India ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) remained unchanged at 135 in 2013, reflecting little improvement in the living standard of its people. India's HDI value for 2013 is 0.586— which falls in the medium human development category—positioning the country at 135 out of 187 countries. Between 1980 to 2013, India's HDI value increased from 0.369 to 0.586.

The report said that none of the BRICS countries were in the high human development category and India remained at the bottom with lowest HDI value among them. India is the lowest performing country among the BRICS nations in all categories of the HDI with the exception of life expectancy, which is lower in South Africa as a result of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Among the BRICS countries, Russia, Brazil and China are in the high HDI category. Russia secured the highest rank at 57, followed by Brazil at 79 and China at 91. South Africa and India rank in the middle category, securing 118th and 135th position respectively.

The HDI reflects long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human lives—a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living. In 2013 the study covered 187 countries, the same as in 2012 and 2011. 

Presenting a review of India's progress in each of the HDI indicators between 1980 and 2013, the report said, "The life expectancy at birth increased by 11 years, mean years of schooling increased by 2.5 years and expected years of schooling increased by 5.3 years. However, India's 2013 HDI of 0.586 was below the average of 0.614 for countries in the medium human development group and also lower than the average of 0.588 for countries in South Asia. From South Asia, countries which are close to India in 2013 HDI ranking are Bangladesh and Pakistan with 142nd and 146th position respectively.

On Gender Inequality Index (GII), based on reproductive health, empowerment and economic activity, India ranked 127 out of 152 countries. India has a GII value of 0.563, ranking it 127 out of 152 countries in the 2013 index. In India, 10.9 per cent of parliamentary seats are held by women, and 26.6 per cent of adult women have reached at least some secondary education compared to 50.4 per cent of their male counterparts. Female participation in the labour market is 28.8 per cent compared to 80.9 for men.

On the parameters of Multi-dimensional Poverty Index (MPI), which identifies multiple deprivations in the same households in education, health and living standards, India's 55.3 per cent of population were multi-dimensionally poor while an additional 18.2 per cent were near multi-dimensional poverty.

Introducing a new index, Gender Development Index (GDI), which is ratio of female to male HDI, in 2013 female HDI value for India stood at 0.519 in contrast with 0.627 for males. The GDI was calculated for 148 countries.

Based on the data available on November 15, 2013, there were few countries with changed in ranks between 2012 and 2013. In other South Asian countries, Pakistan ranked 146 , Bangladesh rose four steps to 142, while Sri Lanka ranked 73, a big rise from last year’s 92, Maldives: 103, up one step, while Nepal rose to 145 from 157. Bhutan finished 140, up four steps.  

Norway was the country with the best quality of life and is ranked number 1 on the 2013 HDI, as it did last year.  Australia and Switzerland followed at the top of the standings. Netherlands, United States, Germany, New Zealand, Canada, Singapore and Denmark are placed among the top-10 countries in the 2013 HDI.  Burkina Faso, Eritrea, Chad and Mozambique are at the bottom of the annual ranking. 

The HDI was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. The HDI can also be used to question national policy choices, asking how two countries with the same level of GNI per capita can end up with different human development outcomes. These contrasts can stimulate debate about government policy priorities.

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