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Govt. Issues Order to Bring 13 Central Acts under Land Law
Sep 02, 2015

Giving up the ordinance route, government issued an 'order' to include 13 Central Acts like National Highway and Railways Acts to extend benefits to those whose land is acquired under land law.


Key Points

  • The order issued by the government under the removal of difficulties clause (Section 113) in the Land Act now extends the provisions relating to the determination of compensation, rehabilitation and resettlement to all cases of land acquisition under 13 central acts which were left out in the 2013 law.

  • By using the clause, government has done away with the need to issue the controversial land ordinance for a record fourth time.

  • The ordinance was lapsed on August 31, six weeks after the commencement of the Monsoon session—July 21.

  • Since a Joint Committee of Parliament is examining the amended land bill brought by the NDA government, it did not touch upon the controversial clauses which were part of the ordinance.

  • The Land Acquisition Act, 2013 had exempted 13 acts from its purview with the condition that they would be included under the purview of the act within one year. The ordinance brought these 13 acts under the new land law.

Govt. Issues Order to Bring 13 Central Acts under Land Law

  • The ordinance also made significant changes in the Land Acquisition Act including removal of consent clause for acquiring land for five areas—industrial corridors, PPP projects, rural infrastructure, affordable housing and defence.

  • Under the amended Act, 13 legislations, including those relating to defence and national security, to provide higher compensation and rehabilitation and resettlement benefits to farmers whose land is being acquired have been brought under the Centre's purview.

  • Under the ordinance, the mandatory consent clause and Social Impact Assessment (SIA) will not be applicable if the land is acquired for five purposes. These include, national security, defence, rural infrastructure including electrification, industrial corridors and building social infrastructure including Public Private Partnership (PPP) where ownership of land continues to be vested with the government.


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