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Global Tiger Count; 22% Increase in Population
Apr 15, 2016

A new report has indicated that there are approximately 3,890 wild tigers across the world, up from population of estimated 3,200 in 2010. The report has been released by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) after compiling data from many countries where wild tiger population has witnessed an impressive growth. For the report, WWF and Global Tiger Forum collected data from over 13 nations where most of the tigers live.

Salient Features

  • It is for the first time in last ten decades that wild tiger population around the globe has increased.
     
  • WWF and Global Tiger Forum revealed that the big cats have made a comeback, mostly in Asia.
     
  • India, Bhutan, Nepal and Russia have noticed increase in tiger population in last few years.
     
  • The big cat’s numbers have declined since 1900, when there were more than 100,000 wild tigers around the world.
     
  • By far, the majority of the tigers are in India, followed by Russia, Indonesia, and Malaysia.
     
  • Nepal, Thailand, Bangladesh, and Bhutan all play host to smaller numbers, as do China, Myanmar, Lao, and Vietnam.
     
  • As per latest official count, India is home to 2,226 tigers, representing 70 per cent of the global population of the endangered big cat species.

    Tiger population
     
  • The tiger population the world over has grown from 3,200 to 3,890 in the last five years, a 22 per cent increase.
     
  • There are only 13 countries with tigers in the wild and six of them have seen an increase in their numbers.
     
  • The global tiger count is based on data from 2014: Bangladesh-106; Bhutan-103; Cambodia-0; China-more than 7; India-2,226; Indonesia- 371; Laos-2; Malaysia-250; Myanmar-no data available; Nepal-198; Russia-433; Thailand-189; Vietnam-fewer than 5. The Myanmar government count of 85 tigers in 2010 was not included because the data was considered out of date.
     
  • Cambodia is looking at reintroducing tigers after recently declaring them functionally extinct within its borders, meaning there are no longer any breeding tigers in the wild.
     
  • Indonesia has also seen a rapid decline due world's highest rate of forest destruction to meet growing demand for producing palm oil as well as pulp and paper.Tigers are considered endangered species, under constant threat from habitat loss and poachers seeking their body parts for sale on the black market.

After decades of decline, wild tigers were put under ‘endangered’ status. The animal’s population declined continuously over the last few decades due to loss of habitat, poaching and hunting. Industrial activities in regions like Sumatra have also affected the wild tiger’s population


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