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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Global Hunger Index 2013 released.
Oct 15, 2013

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) report presents a multidimensional measure of national, regional, and global hunger. The theme of the 2013 GHI report is resilience in theory and in practice. It shows that the world has made some progress in reducing hunger since 1990, but still has far to go. 

World Hunger Situation

According to the report World hunger remains “serious,” and 19 countries suffer from levels of hunger that are either “alarming” or “extremely alarming.”  The world score on GHI has fallen by 34 per cent this year from the 1990 level, but hunger levels still remains "serious" with 19 countries suffering from either alarming or extremely alarming levels of hunger.

The report observed that South Asia has the maximum number of hungry people in the world followed by Sahara region, even as the global hunger is decreasing. It highlighted that Social inequality and the low nutritional, educational, and social status of women are major causes of child under- nutrition in this (South Asian) region that have impeded improvements in the GHI score. 

India and neighbours

The number of hungry people has dropped in India with its score on the Global Hunger Index improving to 63rd position in 2013, but the country still lags behind China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. In 2012, India stood at 67th position on GHI.

Further the report highlighted that the highest number of underweight children under five live in India (more than 40 per cent).

China scored 6th position with moderate level of hunger, while Sri Lanka was at 43, Pakistan at 57 and Bangladesh at 58, having 'serious' levels of hunger.

About GHI

The GHI combines three equally weighted indicators - undernourishment, child underweight and child mortality - to calculate indices for 120 countries.

Suggestions 

The report said that resilience-building efforts are much needed to help poor and vulnerable people cope with hunger seasons, droughts, and other natural and manmade disasters. To help build resilience in ways that will boost food and nutrition security, the report calls for breaking down the silos between the relief and development communities and for focusing on approaches that contribute to the ability of people and systems to resist, absorb, and transform in response to shock.

 


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