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Global Climate Risk Index 2014 released
Nov 14, 2013

The Germanwatch Global Climate Risk Index is an analysis based on one of the most reliable data sets available on the impacts of extreme weather events and associated socioeconomic data. The Germanwatch Climate Risk Index 2014 is the 9th edition of the annual analysis. It represents one important piece in the overall, more comprehensive puzzle of climate-related impacts and associated vulnerabilities, but for example does not take into account other important aspects such as sea-level rise, glacier melting or more acid and warmer seas. It is based on past data and should not be used for a linear projection of future climate impacts.

According to the Climate Risk Index less developed countries are generally more affected than industrialized countries. 

The Global Climate Risk Index 2014 analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.). The most recent data available—from 2012 and 1993–2012—were taken into account.

Some data related to climate change:

a) The countries affected most in 2012 were Haiti, the Philippines and Pakistan. For the period from 1993 to 2012 Honduras, Myanmar and Haiti rank highest.

b) From the ten most affected countries (1993–2012) eight were developing countries in the low-income or lower-middle income country group, while two belong to the upper-middle income countries.

c) Altogether more than 530,000 people died as a direct result of approx. 15,000 extreme weather events, and losses between 1993 and 2012 amounted to more than 2.5 trillion USD (in PPP;1 USD 1.75 trillion overall losses in original values).

d) The 2012 droughts and floods in large areas of the Balkan, eastern Europe and southern Russia in the aftermath of the unparalleled 2010 wildfires.  This should serve as a wake-up call for the region to ramp up its domestic and international climate policy positions.

e) India was ranked 46 in the Climate Risk Index (CRI) table for 2012, a position definitely better than 18, the rank that it had in the period between 1993 and 2012.

Many developing countries are already taking measures in preparation for climate-related disasters, promoting as well as implementing adaptation. Yet the industrialised countries must provide adequate financial and institutional support to further advance disaster preparedness and resilience of the poor countries. 

 


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