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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Forest Cover Increases in India
Feb 20, 2015

A recent study conducted by the Forest Survey of India points out 5871 sq km increase in the forest cover of India.

Main Points

  • West Bengal registered highest forest cover increase by 3,810 sq km. 

  • West Bengal accounts for nearly 64 per cent of the total increase in the forest cover.

  • Increase in the forest cover of the West Bengal is mainly due to coppice growth (dense growth of small tress) and afforestation inside the forests, growth of commercial plantations and shade trees in tea gardens. West Bengal, a state with high population density, has only 18.93 percent forest cover.

  • Odisha registered an1444 km increase. 

  • Increase in Kerala is about 622 sq km.

  • Northeastern states Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura and Manipur, whose forest cover comprises over 75 percent of the State’s area, have shown a decrease in forest cover. 

  • The current assessment shows a decrease in forest cover to the extent of 627 sq km in the northeastern region. The main reason for this is attributed to the biotic pressure and shifting cultivation in the region.

  • In Andhra Pradesh, a State with 16.77 percent of its area covered by forest, there has been a decrease of 273 km of forest area. 

  • Forest cover has decreased by 176 sq km in Madhya Pradesh and 53 km in Chhattishgarh. 

  • Foresr cover has increased by 496 sq km in Jharkhand 

  • Forest cover in Bihar is increased by 446 sq km.

  • There is an increase of 31 sq km of very dense forest cover compared to the last assessment carried two years ago. 

  • Moderately dense forest has decreased by 1,991 sq km.

  • Open forests have increased by 7,891 sq km.

  • The Satellite based remote sensing data has been used for estimating the change in forest cover.

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