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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
First Unit of Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant Dedicated to Nation
Aug 13, 2016

On August 10, the first unit of the Kudankulam Nuclear plant was dedicated to the nation jointly by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin with both the leaders calling it a fine example of special and privileged Indo-Russian strategic partnership.

  • Narendra Modi while stressing that the 1,000 Mw unit in Tamil Nadu is an important addition to India’s continuing efforts to scale up production of clean energy said that at Kudankulum alone, five more units of similar capacity each are planned. India is determined to pursue an ambitious agenda of nuclear power generation.
  • Participating from Moscow via video-conferencing, Vladimir Putin said the unit has been built using most advanced Russian technology incorporating highest safety standards.
  • Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa also participated through video conference.
  • It is perhaps not commonly known that at 1000 Mw, Kundankulum 1 is the largest single unit of electrical power in India.
  • At Kudankulum alone, five more units of 1000 Mw each are planned.
  • The Kudankulam 1 has been jointly built by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India and Russia’s Rosatom and it had started generating electricity in 2013.
  • The unit 1 and 2 of Kudankulam plant were built at a cost of Rs 20,962 crore.
  • A major share of power generated in the plant goes to Tamil Nadu, followed by Karnataka, Kerala and Puducherry.
  • The Pressurised Water Reactor (PWR) VVER-1000 had gone critical in July 2014 and the commercial operations started from December 31 the same year, with the unit coming to the aid of the then power starved Tamil Nadu.
  • The Cumulative Generation of Unit I since the date of commercial operation is 6,498 million units (MU) with its capacity factor peaking to 100 per cent in June this year.

The agreement for the project was inked by former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and then Soviet Union President Mikhail Gorbachev in 1988 but actual work on the ground started only in 1997.

India's Position in Atomic Energy Production

  • At present India with 21 nuclear power reactors, 7th among 31 countries with nuclear power in terms of number of reactors and 13th in terms of electricity generation.
  • The present nuclear power installed capacity of 5780 MW is expected to shortly increase to 6780 Mw within this financial year with the start of commercial operation of Kudankulam Unit-2 (KKNPP-2) in accordance with stage-wise clearances of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB).
  • This unit has already attained first criticality (start of controlled self sustaining nuclear fission chain reaction for the first time) on July 10, 2016.
  • The installed capacity is expected to increase to 10080 Mw by the year 2019 on progressive completion of projects under construction.
  • In addition, two more projects, KKNPP 3&4 (2x1000 Mw) at Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu in foreign technical cooperation with the Russian Federation and GHAVP 1&2 (2x700 Mw) at Gorakhpur, Haryana based on indigenous technology have been accorded sanction and work has commenced on these projects.
  • On their progressive completion, the installed nuclear power capacity will reach 13480 Mw by about 2023.
  • India has signed nuclear agreements for cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy with Russia, United States of America (USA), France, Australia, United Kingdom, Czech Republic, Republic of Korea, Kazakhstan, Argentina, Canada, Vietnam and Sri Lanka. India proposes to sign such an agreement with Japan in future.

Achievements in Atomic Energy

  • During the last two years some of the major achievements in the field of Atomic Energy:
  • Start of Commercial Operation of Kudankulam Unit-1
  • Criticality (start of controlled self sustaining nuclear fission chain reaction for the first time) of Kudankulam Unit-2
  • Commencement of excavation at Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP) 3&4 (2x1000 Mw) and placement of order for long delivery critical equipments for Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (GHAVP) 1&2 (2x700 Mw).
  • Longest continuous run of 765 days by a unit Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS-5), second longest in the world.
  • Dhruva completed 30 yrs of criticality. This year it achieved highest ever capacity factor, peak power of 100 Mw and lowest fuel failure rate.
  • The Fast Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR) was operated at the highest ever power level of 24.5 Mw and 5 Mw
  • Sodium submersible annular induction pump, first of its kind has been designed, manufactured indigenously and tested in sodium facility.
  • The Indus-2 synchrotron radiation source at Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT) operating at 2.5 GeV energy and up to 200 mA current.
  • Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC) has achieved highest ever production of 1332.973 tonnes of Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) fuel compared to 1008.867 MT in previous year.
  • Heavy Water Board (HWB) achieved breakthrough in indigenous development of closed cell technology for Nuclear Grade Sodium production on sustained basis.
  • Installation of Radiation Detection Equipment at major seaports completed by Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL).

In the field of nuclear power generation, new nuclear power projects based on both indigenous technologies and with foreign technical cooperation are planned. In this regard, the Government has accorded ‘in principle’ approval for the following sites for locating nuclear power projects in the future:

Site & Location Capacity (Mw)
Indigenous Reactors
Gorakhpur, Haryana 2 x 700 
Chutka, Madhya Pradesh 2 x 700
Mahi Banswara, Rajasthan 4 x 700
Kaiga, Karnataka 2 x 700
Bhimpur, Madhya Pradesh 4 X 700
Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu 2 x 500
Reactors with Foreign Cooperation
Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu 2 x 1000 
Jaitapur, Maharashtra 6 x 1650
Kovvada, Andhra Pradesh 6 x 1000 
Chhaya Mithi Virdi, Gujarat 6 x 1000
Haripur, West Bengal 6 x 1000

The setting up of nuclear power plants are mainly impacted due to delay in acquisition of land for new projects, addressing issues of Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R&R), addressing issues of component manufacturers & suppliers related to Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (CLND) Act, 2010 and conclusion of discussions with foreign technology partners.

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