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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
First UN Environment Assembly
Jul 03, 2014

India’s Intervention on Eradicating Poverty & Achieving Prosperity

From 23 to 27 June 2014, the first session of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) of the United Nations Environment Programme was convened at the UNEP headquarters in Nairobi with more than 1,200 participants, including Environment Ministers, Government delegates and representatives of major groups and stakeholders. The theme of the first session was “Sustainable Development Goals and the Post-2015 Development Agenda, including sustainable consumption and production.”

Speaking at the first UN Environment Assembly, Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said that the developed countries need to urgently fulfill their commitment of providing a certain percentage of gross national income (GNI) as official development assistance (ODA) for developing countries.

India’s Intervention on Eradicating Poverty: An estimated 1.3 billion people, living mostly in South Asia and Sub-Saharan African countries, survive on per capita income of less that US Dollar 1.25 a day. The wide gap between the per capita income of people living in developed and developing countries is stark. Clearly, eradicating poverty and reducing inequality has to be the overarching priority for achieving sustainable development. The development we all are aiming at has to be inclusive, addressing the concerns of the most oppressed, marginalized and poverty ridden people in the world.

One of the most significant outcomes of Rio+ 20 Summit has been to place poverty eradication at the centre of the global development agenda. 

Eradicating poverty is the greatest global challenge facing the world today and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. In this regard we are committed to freeing humanity from poverty and hunger as a matter of urgency.

It is a matter of great satisfaction that out of various focus areas being considered for developing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by the Open Working Group (OWG), established by the UNGA, the first proposed goal relates to ending poverty in all its forms everywhere. 

1.3 billion tons of food produced is wasted every year, amounting to over one-third of all food produced. The wastage of food at consumer level alone in industrialized countries is nearly as much as the total food production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Food waste has been often clubbed with the issue of post-harvest losses in developing countries, which is a flawed approach. 

There is a wide variation in the per capita energy consumption level in the world. While the world average per capita energy consumption is 1.8 tons of oil equivalent the corresponding figures for OECD countries and India are 4.28 toe and 0.6 toe respectively.

All this points towards unsustainable and wasteful consumption patterns in developed countries and makes it imperative for them to take lead to shift towards sustainable consumption and production patterns. 

Sustained and inclusive economic growth is a key enabler for achieving poverty eradication. The developing countries requiring assistance to implement poverty eradication policies and programmes have to be assured of predictable, additional and adequate international financing.

The developed countries need to not only urgently fulfill their commitment to provide 0.7% of gross national income (GNI) as official development assistance (ODA) for developing countries but also pledge additional and predictable funding considering the ambition levels for post- 2015 development agenda. The options for other supplementary modes of financing could be looked at once this basic commitment is met by the developed countries.

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