Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
Drone E-surveillance for the Preservation of Tiger Population
Mar 21, 2015

India is home to more than 60 % of the total global tiger population and it needed a systematic approach to preserve the wild species. There was a need to bring new ideas for empirical and viable approach for the preservation of tiger population.

  • Since the poaching of tigers had become an issue of concern in view of the tigers’ deaths, the introduction of drone e-surveillance would be a strategic intervention for the preservation of tiger population.

  • The introduction of voluntary re-location programme would have a balanced approach to protect the tiger population. At the same time, people’s surveillance on the line would also lead to better management.

  • The project has been implemented in a mission mode format and initiative has been taken to declare 102 eco-sensitive zones with reference to geo sensitive maps.

  • There is also need to find ways to resolve human animal conflict.

  • To ensure that straying tigers are handled in the most appropriate manner to avoid casualty or injury to human beings, tiger, cattle and property, the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) provide the basic, minimum steps which are required to be taken at the field level (tiger reserve or elsewhere) for dealing with incidents of rehabilitation of Tigers, Orphan Tiger cubs or tiger straying in human dominated landscapes.

  • The SOPs apply to all forest field formations including tiger reserves besides other areas where such incidents occur.


The Government of India has taken a pioneering initiative for conserving its national animal, the tiger, by launching the Project Tiger in 1973. From 9 tiger reserves since its formative years, the Project Tiger coverage has increased to 47 at present, spread out in 18 tiger range states. This amounts to around 2.08% of the geographical area of the country.

The tiger reserves are constituted on a core/buffer strategy. The core areas have the legal status of a national park or a sanctuary, whereas the buffer or peripheral areas are a mix of forest and non-forest land, managed as a multiple use area. The Project Tiger aims to foster an exclusive tiger agenda in the core areas of tiger reserves, with an inclusive people oriented agenda in the buffer.


Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.