Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
Developed countries pledge minimal for GHG reduction: UNFCCC report
Oct 28, 2013

According to the latest UNFCCC Secretariat data after conducting a technical review of the commitments the rich countries have made to emission cuts between 2012 and 2020, the developed countries have committed to cut greenhouse gas emissions by a paltry three per cent from 2011 to 2020. It is less than a third of the emission cuts the rich countries have achieved between 1990 and 2011.

The review shows that the countries have collectively committed themselves to a reduction of only 13-19 per cent by the 1990 levels. This falls far short of the 25-40 per cent reduction expected of the developed countries so as to keep temperatures from rising more than two degrees above the pre-industrial era. 

Outcomes of the data analysis:

The UNFCCC data shows that the EU, which has always projected itself as a leader on the issue, has set such a low target for 2020 that it has almost achieved it. It had committed to cut emissions down by 20 per cent below the 1990 levels. But, by 2011, it had achieved an 18 per cent cut. The U.S. which has the highest accumulated emissions and the highest per capita emissions in the world increased emissions by eight per cent between 1990 and 2011 because it refused to sign the Kyoto Protocol. Now it has committed to cut emissions by five per cent from the 1990 levels by 2020.

Steps taken by UNFCCC

The UNFCCC is working to force the countries to take higher emission cuts between 2012 and 2020 so as to prevent the atmosphere from accumulating higher levels of emissions and also working to bring out a new deal among the nations to meet the global warming challenges. 

Developed countries are now pressurizing UNFCCC to take action against developing nations as China and India to compel for reduction of emissions as they are the fastest emerging nation GHGs are increasing alarmingly.   

Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.