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China Protests PM's Arunachal Visit
Feb 25, 2015

China had lodged an official protest against Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to a border region claimed by both countries. Narendra Modi visited Arunachal Pradesh to inaugurate the opening of a railway line and power station. He did not mention China but pledged billions of dollars of investment to develop infrastructure in the region.

  • China disputes the entire territory of Arunachal Pradesh, calling it South Tibet. Its historic town Tawang, a key site for Tibetan Buddhism, was briefly occupied by Chinese forces during a 1962 war. 

  • The Chinese government has never recognized Arunachal Pradesh. China said Modi's visit was not conducive to the overall development of bilateral relations. 

  • China demanded the Indian side pay attention to the strong concerns of the Chinese side.

  • China said both countries needed to march toward the same goal—a fair and reasonable resolution of the border issue through negotiation.

  • The Chinese Foreign Ministry said Arunachal was ‘a state that Indian authorities illegally and unilaterally declared in 1987’.

  • China also said the so-called Arunachal Pradesh was established largely on the three areas of China's Tibet—Monyul, Loyul and Lower Tsayul currently under Indian illegal occupation.

  • China said after 1914, when the illegal McMahon Line was made boundary between the two countries, none of the successive Chinese governments have ever recognized this line. 

  • In January this year, China objected to statements by Japan's foreign ministry supporting India's claim to the region.

  • China's objections to the visit are not entirely unexpected, with Beijing voicing similar displeasure at past visits by Indian leaders to Arunachal. 

  • In 2009, Beijing had in even stronger terms objected to a visit by then Prime Minister Manmohan to the State.

  • China had in 2013 also issued a statement when President Pranab Mukherjee visited Arunachal, asking India to refrain from taking actions that complicate the boundary question.


Both sides are currently negotiating a framework to settle the dispute in all sectors, having agreed ‘political parameters and guiding principles’ in 2005. India and China are likely to have the next round of talks in Beijing in the first half of this year.


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