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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
CIL allowed Exploration and Exploitation of Coal Bed Methane
Dec 21, 2013

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved the proposal of Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas regarding policy for Exploration and Exploitation of Coal Bed Methane (CBM) areas under Coal Mining Lease allotted to Coal India Limited (CIL).

The policy will allow Coal India Limited to carry out exploration and exploitation of CBM from their coal mining lease areas leading to additional availability of CBM. This would also lead to degasifying the coal seams ahead of coal mining thus mitigating safety hazard and gainfully utilizing CBM.

It will have an added advantage for the environment since the gas which is presently either being flared or released in the atmosphere adding to greenhouse effect, will now be gainfully channeled into the supply volumes. Production of additional CBM would also add to the revenue of Central / State Government as well as the mine operator in addition to possibility of earning carbon credits through proper exploitation of CBM.

Current rules prohibit mining firms from extracting CBM during mining as the policy does not allow for simultaneous extraction of CBM and coal. CBM exploration and production is allowed only in pure coal-seam gas bearing blocks, which are auctioned. Since 2001, 33 CBM blocks have been awarded in four auction rounds.
Besides, two CBM blocks to Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) and one to Great Eastern Energy Co Ltd were awarded on a nomination basis. According to the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH), India has CBM reserves of about 4.6 trillion cubic metres.

At present, three CBM blocks are producing around 0.15 million standard cubic metres per day (mscmd). This is likely to touch 7.4 mscmd by 2013.

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