Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
mains Test Series 2018
BRICS Disaster Risk Reduction Meet Adopts Udaipur Declaration
Aug 31, 2016

A two-day BRICS meeting on Disaster Management was recently held in Udaipur, Rajasthan. India called upon BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China & South Africa) countries to collaborate for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). The event was organized by the Ministry of Home Affairs in collaboration with the National Disaster Management Authority. 

Key Points

  • Focal Points of the meeting were Flood Risk Management and Early Warning Systems major focus areas and Collaborative efforts towards DRR.
  • India emphasized that it is time that we move away from a static understanding of risk, and that we must realise that ‘tomorrow’s risk is being built today’.
  • There is a strong need to focus on Urban disasters keeping in mind that by 2050, nearly two-third of the world population is expected to live in urban spaces. 
  • India said, we need to move towards an all-society approach to tackle disasters. While governments have to pay a central role, they cannot do it by themselves. They have to take everybody along. The Government action must be geared towards empowering and supporting communities and individuals to be more and more self-reliant in their quest for resilience. 
  • All BRICS nations face common problems in terms of developing robust Early Warning Systems, involvement of communities and building their resilience and finding resources for rehabilitation and reconstruction. In these circumstances it was essential to share success stories, case studies, innovations, low cost technology, joint exercises and mutual capacity building to reduce risk. 
  • All the five BRICS countries are parties to the adoption of the Sendai Framework for DRR in March, 2015 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September 2015. A number of SDGs have specific targets related to Disaster Risk Management.
  • Key government functionaries working in the area of Disaster Management, including senior officials and technical experts from member countries participated in the event. 
  • The meeting focussed on two distinct but inter-related themes of Flood Risk Management and Forecasting of Extreme Weather Events in the context of Changing Climate. 
  • Two technical sessions—1. Challenges for Disaster Risk Management and 2. Forecasting and Early Warning on floods and other extreme weather events were held. 
  • The technical sessions were preceded by a presentation each to set the context for further discussions on possible areas of collaboration. 
  • The first technical session discussed the mainstreaming of DRR in key development sectors, apart from capacity building at the local level and strengthening of response mechanisms. 
  • Key challenges and recent developments in Early Warning Systems were discussed during the second session.
  • Member countries shared their experiences and lessons learnt for ensuring last mile connectivity and community level action on early warning. 
  • Issues concerning Emerging Disaster Risks and Evolving DRM Practices in a changing climate were also discussed. 
  • In the meeting Udaipur Declaration was adopted. 
  • The meeting laid bare the common thread of challenges on disaster issues faced by all the BRICS nations. 
  • BRICS nations resolved to set up a dedicated Joint Task Force for Disaster Risk Management for regular dialogue, exchange, mutual support and collaboration among BRICS Countries. 
  • The roadmap for implementation of the three-year Joint Action Plan (JAP) for BRICS emergency services (2016-18) was also finalised. 
  • The JAP was agreed upon at the first meeting of BRICS Ministers for Disaster Management at St. Petersburg in Russia earlier this year. 
  • The meeting discussed the advances in technology and knowledge sharing amongst member countries to enable them leverage it to reduce disaster risk. 
  • India, the current BRICS chair, will host the 8th BRICS Summit in Goa in October, 2016.

South African Minister, Des Van Royeen, suggested that it was important to introduce cost-effective and life-saving measures for reducing losses and effective recovery after a disaster. 

Oleg Manuilo, Director of Russia's Civil Defence, said reducing socio-economic losses is the purpose behind disaster management. He further said that effective forecasting is bringing about a change in disaster risk management. 

Pang Chenmin, Director-General of the Department of Disaster Relief of China, highlighted the importance of technology and research in key areas of Disaster Management. He also emphasized upon knowledge sharing among member countries. 

Brazil's National Secretary for Civil Defence, Wesley De Almeida Felinto said that he was hopeful that the meet will result in a solid outcome on collaboration among BRICS nations. 

This was the second meeting of BRICS Ministers for Disaster Management. It is a follow up of the first such meeting convened by the Russian Federation in St. Petersburg earlier this year. 

BRICS nations have made a clear move from relief-centric to a holistic approach to disasters with a greater emphasis on prevention, mitigation and preparedness. This highlights the importance of forecasting and early warning systems to help authorities in alerting the communities as well as responding swiftly to a situation.


Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.

http://www.drishtiias.com/upsc-current-affairs-article-BRICS-Disaster-Risk-Reduction-Meet-Adopts-Udaipur-Declaration-