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Apex Court Takes Big Decisions to Check Pollution in Delhi
Dec 21, 2015

The Supreme Court on 16th December passed a slew of orders to check pollution in Delhi. Last week, the National Green Tribunal, in an interim order, banned registration of diesel vehicles in Delhi till January 6, while also suggesting that the central and Delhi governments must stop buying diesel cars in the city.

Major Orders of the Supreme Court

1. SC bans registration of diesel-run SUVs and cars having engines beyond 2000 cc in Delhi and NCR from March 31, next year.

2. SC raises by 100 per cent the Green cess being levied on commercial vehicles entering Delhi. Light commercial vehicles with two axles will have to pay Rs 1,400 for entering Delhi.

3. Commercial vehicles with three and four axles will have to pay Rs 2,600 for entering Delhi

4. Commercial vehicles, which are not Delhi bound, will not be allowed to enter national capital through entry points NH-8 and NH-1.

5. Commercial vehicles registered before 2005 cannot enter Delhi.

6. Only CNG-run taxis will be allowed to ply in Delhi and NCR.

7. Commercial vehicles registered before 2005 cannot enter Delhi.

Delhi: The Most Polluted City in the World

Delhi is the most polluted city in the world, says a study released by World Health Organisation (WHO) last year. The 2014 report of the Ambient Air Pollution (AAP) database contains results of outdoor air pollution monitoring from almost 1600 cities in 91 countries.

  • Delhi has the highest concentration of PM2.5—particulate matters less than 2.5 microns–form of air pollution, which is considered most serious and can cause respiratory diseases and other health problems.

  • The situation is so bad in Delhi that its air has PM2.5 concentrations of 153 micrograms and PM10 concentrations of 286 micrograms–much more than the permissible limits.

  • In comparison, Beijing, which was once considered one of the most polluted cities, has PM2.5 concentration of 56 micrograms and PM10 concentration of 121 micro grammes.

  • Air quality is represented by annual mean concentration of fine particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5—particles smaller than 10 or 2.5 microns).

  • The database covers the period from 2008 to 2013, with the majority of values for the years 2011 and 2012.

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