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6th Petersberg Climate Dialouge
May 25, 2015

The Minister for State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Prakash Javadekar represented India in the recently held Sixth Petersberg Climate Dialogue at Berlin. In his address he said that developed countries should present their ambitious targets for pre-2020 action and roadmaps for the same well before Paris and the Warsaw international mechanism for loss and damage should be operationalised by 2016. 

India’s View

  • India suggested that the negotiators at Bonn ADP session should be directed to come up with the Draft decision text on pre-2020 actions. It will be ironical that we formulate post-2020 architecture without finalizing pre-2020 action plan.

  • The historical context of the constitution of the ADP (Ad-Hoc Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) in 2012 was the urgent need to enhance action on all aspects of the climate change agenda.  We must appreciate this while we move towards the culmination of the ADP process in Paris.  

  • Paris Conference will have delivered, if all countries demonstrate their will to tackle the problem of climate change frontally.  It is not about sharing of blame or finger-pointing, but acting with wisdom, understanding and cooperation.  

  • Ambitious pre-2020 actions of developed countries will create the carbon space required for the developing world, as every poor person has the right to equitable access to the atmospheric resources. 

India’s Ambitious Action

  • Targeting 175 GW of renewable energy and received a tremendous response from investors for 200 GW of energy.

  • India has increased cess on coal to Rs 200 per tonne, and the fund generated is being used for Clean Technologies. 

  • India recently launched a scheme of Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid & Electric Vehicles in India with an aim of reducing dependency on fossil fuels. 

  • India has incentivized afforestation (provided $ 9 billion or $125 per hectare) through the 14th Finance Commission, and already presented a bill for devolution of more than $6 billion for specific projects of afforestation to create more carbon sinks.

  • India has enhanced public and private investment in Railways and have plans for investing billions of dollars in Railways. 

  • India has created architecture for 100 smart cities which will be essentially clean and green cities. 

  • India has asked 3, 200 severely polluting industries to install 24x7 pollution monitoring devices for eflluents as well as emissions.

  • India is preparing ambitious plan of roooftop solar energy program and solar powered agriculture pumps. We are also planning to use irrigation canal tops and banks for generating solar energy.

Through a series of reform measures, LPG will be provided to millions of poor families thereby reducing carbon emissions.

These actions of India, that are voluntary, arise out of its commitment. This must be seen against the backdrop that these actions are from a country which is not mandated under the UNFCCC, and therefore developed world must take ambitious pre-2020 action.


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