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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
68th Round Survey of Household Consumption of Various Goods and Services in India
Jul 16, 2014

Visual electronic entertainment is priority for rural India. Latest Government survey, for 2011-12, shows that while 50 per cent households in villages had a television for entertainment, only less than 10 per cent owned a refrigerator, which is a luxury utility item for them.

Both the household items have, however, shown a 50 per cent increase from 2004-05, when only 25 per cent of households in villages had TV sets and less than five per cent owned refrigerators. Besides, nearly 50 per cent the households in villages had TVs and just 9.4 per cent of families in villages had refrigerators in 2011-12.

The situation did not differ in entirety in the cities, as 56 per cent urban households didn’t have refrigerators in 2011-12, although it was no longer considered a luxury item, while 80 per cent households had TVs. Refrigerators were possessed by 43.8 per cent urban households in 2011-12 compared to 31.9 per cent in 2004-05, as per National Sample Survey Organisation’s 68th Round Survey of Household Consumption of Various Goods and Services in India.

As for the food items, the survey revealed that rice consumption per person per month in villages fell to 5.98 kg in 2011-12, compared to 6.38 kg in 2004-05. In cities, the fall in rice consumption was from 4.71 kg to 4.49 kg.

It showed however that per capita consumption of PDS rice doubled in rural India, and has risen 66 per cent in cities since 2004-05, implying that the share of PDS purchases in rice consumption has risen substantially.

Per capita consumption of wheat in 2011-12 showed a slight rise since 2004-05 of about 0.1 kg per person per month in rural areas, and a fall of 0.35 kg in urban areas.As in case of rice, the share of PDS purchase in wheat consumption has increased considerably, with per capita consumption of PDS wheat having more than doubled since 2004-05 in both sectors. As for other items, according to the survey, 63.5 per cent families in the villages had electric fans, while the proportion of such households was 92.7 per cent in cities in 2011-12.

In villages, 57.1 per cent families had bicycles in 2011-12, while the percentage of such households in cities was 38.6 per cent. The proportion of rural households with motorcycles or scooters more than doubled in the 7 years prior to 2011-12 from 7.7 per cent to 18.4 per cent, while in the urban sector the proportion increased from 26 per cent to 38 per cent.

About two per cent of the families in villages had car or jeep in 2011-12, whereas the percentage of such households was 8 per cent in cities.

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