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5th India-US Strategic Dialouge
Aug 04, 2014

External Affairs Minister of India Sushma Swaraj and Secretary of State John F. Kerry led their respective delegations to the fifth annual India-U.S. Strategic Dialogue held in New Delhi on 31 July.

Faced by a common threat from terrorism, including in South Asia, the two leaders committed to intensify efforts to combat terrorism, proliferation of WMDs, nuclear terrorism, cross-border crime, and address the misuse of the internet for terrorist purposes, in compliance with respective laws. The two leaders welcomed the continuation of the Counter-Terrorism Joint Working Group process, sustained exchanges of senior experts, and the upcoming meeting of the Working Group in 2014.They also welcomed plans to hold the next Ministerial Homeland Security Dialogue. They agreed to have their Central Authorities meet to discuss ways to improve mutual legal assistance and extradition processes. They also agreed to work towards greater cooperation in cyber security and reducingcyber crime.

At the conclusion of a strategic dialogue between India and the United States, both countries expressed optimism about improving their ties. After discussing issues ranging from trade and security to climate change with his Indian counterpart, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said that India and the U.S. can become indispensable partners in the 21st century.

With a range of differences on issues such as trade, tariffs and price controls, Kerry said that there is work to be done. The words are easy. It is the actions we need to take that will really define the relationship in the days ahead. And I think it is safe to say that I said to the foreign minister, that we all have a lot of homework to do.

USA’s chief concern remains barriers to trade by India. These barriers were a focus during Kerry’s visit.  His meetings with Indian officials took place as a deadline loomed over a global trade deal, which India has opposed unless its concerns are met on the right to buy grain from farmers at above-market prices, and stockpile it. Kerry urged India to join the agreement at the World Trade Organization.  He said he understood India’s concerns about providing food security to large number of poor people, but warned that it could stand to lose if the trade deal was scuttled.

The fifth round of the India-U.S. Strategic Dialogue was the first high-level interaction between US officials and India’s new government, installed in May. The visit is seen as an effort to reverse a downward spiral in bilateral ties

India-US Civil Nuclear Deal: The 123 Agreement between India and the United States concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy was signed on October 10, 2008. Subsequently an ‘Arrangements and Procedures’ agreement has been signed on July 30, 2010. A Pre-early Works Contract has been concluded between Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) and Westinghouse Electric Company (WEC) of the US for construction of two nuclear power reactors at Mithi Virdi in Gujarat. A ‘Revised and Restated Confidentiality Agreement’ between NPCIL and WEC has also been finalized to clarify information sharing mechanisms. Commercial negotiations between NPCIL and WEC regarding the setting up of two reactors are also taking place. 10,000 megawatt of electricity is likely to be generated from the US origin reactors at two sites earmarked for these reactors. 


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