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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
54 New Outposts in Arunachal; 4 New Strategic Rail Lines Along China Border; 73 Roads Under Construction
Oct 28, 2014

Unfazed by China's objections to development of border areas, Government on Friday announced setting up of 54 new border outposts and Rs 175 crore package for beefing up the infrastructure along the border in Arunachal Pradesh. In a major step to fortify defences along the China border, 54 new border posts are being planned for the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) force in the north eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh.

Arunachal Pradesh shares a total of 1,126 km of its international border with China, second in length after Jammu and Kashmir which has a 1,597 km long frontier with India’s eastern neighbour.

As part of modernisation and better border management planning of Indian security mechanism along this border, prone to a spate of incursions, the posts will be equipped with all the basic gadgets that the troops require to position themselves at these icy heights.

The new border posts will be solar powered and have space to not only accommodate the regular ITBP guards but also to house a small squad of reinforcements in case of emergencies. The posts will have satellite phone connectivity.

At present, India has 142 border posts along this 3,488 km long frontier with other border states being Himachal Pradesh (200 km), Uttarakhand (345 km) and Sikkim (220 km). Arunachal Pradesh, at present, has close to 30 ITBP border posts but a need has been felt to bolster the presence of the paramilitary men in order to meet border challenges and future commitments.

4 New Strategic Rail Lines:

The government has kick-started the process of building four top-priority strategic railway lines along the China border—a project that had been stuck in deliberations for years for want of a political decision at the highest level.

Now, at a high-level meeting with officials from the Planning Commission, Defence, Railways and Finance ministries, the PMO finally asked the Railways to carry out detailed engineering survey of the 1,000-odd kilometres of lines identified by the Defence Ministry as strategically crucial. They are in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, and J&K.

The Railways has been given time till next month to come up with a cost of the detailed survey, which will be borne by the government (Defence/Finance). The cost of the engineering survey could be around Rs 200 crore. The detailed engineering survey, kind of detailed project report, is the blueprint based on which work is commissioned.

The survey will take around two years to complete but sources in the Railways said given the priority attached to it, they might be asked to expedite as well. But a detailed engineering exercise like this cannot be needlessly rushed as well.

The identified lines are Missamari-Tawang (378 km) in Assam-Arunachal Pradesh; North Lakhimpur-Along-Silapathar (248 km) in Assam, Murkongselek-Pasighat-Tezu-Parashuram Kund-Rupai (256 km) in Assam-Arunachal Pradesh; and Bilaspur-Mandi-Manali-Leh (498 km) in Himachal Pradesh-Jammu and Kashmir. The Railways has informed the PMO that the topography and the geology is such that most of the lines are in the fault and folds of the Himalayan range, which involves stupendous engineering challenges. This means boring railway tunnels through geologically treacherous terrain.

These four lines are part of the 14 strategically important lines of the armed forces to be used presumably for supplies for the Army and troops movement in times of need. The list was drawn up by the Services based on inputs from the operational commands and validated from an operational and logistics perspective.

73 Roades Under Construction:

73 roads being constructed along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China.  Of the 73 roads with a total length of 3812 km, laying of 61 roads covering 3,404 km have been assigned to Border Roads Organisation (BRO).

27 of the 61 roads are being constructed in Arunachal Pradesh, 12 in Jammu and Kashmir, 14 in Uttarakhand, 5 in Himachal Pradesh and 3 in Sikkim.  17 roads have been completed. Out of 73 roads, 12 are being constructed by Central Public Works Department (CPWD) for ITBP.

The infrastructure development is being carried out as China has made strides in this regard and India is lagging much behind.

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