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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
3 Territorial Battalions for Clean Ganga Mission
Mar 31, 2015

In a bid to bolster efforts to de-pollute the Ganga, the Government has approved a plan to raise three Territorial Army (TA) battalions. The battalions (one battalion has 1,000 men) will work under the directions of the Ministry of Water Resources, which is responsible for the ambitious Clean Ganga campaign. The Army will train these personnel.

  • In the first phase, these battalions will clean the banks of the holy river at designated zones and then undertake measures like water desalination, purification and afforestation along the Ganga.

  • Specially trained engineers, environmentalists and scientists will form part of the battalions apart from skilled manpower to handle complex water purifying plants. 

  • The Water Resources Ministry will provide funds and equipment like desalination plants and sewage treatment units to these battalions. 

  • They will also help various agencies in soil treatment along the banks of the Ganga to enhance fertility of land for agricultural purposes.

  • This initiative comes against the backdrop of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s thrust on cleaning the river and launching the Namami Gange last year by involving the Ministries of Rural Development, Environment, Urban Development, Shipping and Water Resources for its cleaning. 

  • In the budget the Government had announced a Rs. 6,300-plus crore ‘Namami Gange’ scheme. Out of it Rs. 2,037 crore was allocated for rejuvenating the river, another Rs. 4,200 crore was proposed to be spent on developing a navigation corridor in the next six years.

  • In addition, a sum of Rs100 crore was allocated for developments of Ghats and beautification of River Fronts at Kedarnath, Haridwar, Kanpur, Varanasi, Allahabad, Patna and Delhi in the Budget.

  • The Government has devised a 3-phase plan spanning for nearly 18 years to clean the river with the short-term plan—including stopping open nallahs from falling into the river, restriction industrial and chemical discharge into the river among others. 

  • The Government also announced a NRI Ganga fund to help drive fund collection, the money from which will be spent on ‘special projects’ related to the cleanliness of the river.

  • Territorial Army has expertise in improving environment as it has eight specialised battalions known as Ecological Battalions engaged in preserving environment and eco-system. 

  • These units have done exceptionally well in turning the barren Aravali Hills around the National Capital green.

  • Many arid zones in Rajasthan now have a forest cover due to sustained drive by these battalions over the last one decade. 

  • The ecological units have arrested environmental degradation by planting more than 25 million trees over 22,000 hectares of land in Mussoorie hills and Pithoragarh in Uttarakhand, Bikaner and Jaisalmer in Rajasthan and Chambal ravines in Madhya Pradesh. 

Part of regular Indian Army, Territorial Army battalions comprise volunteers in the age group of 18-40 who receive military training for a specified period in a year. Personnel of TA are drawn from various fields in civilian domain and have to serve for a designated period. They comprise doctors, engineers, management professionals, businessmen and farmers. Known as second line of the Defence, the Territorial Army units relieve the regular Army units from static duties and assist civil administration in times of natural calamities. They also provide units to the regular Army in times of war.

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