Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
mains Test Series 2018
14th World Toilet Summit
Jan 27, 2015

The two day 14th World Toilet Summit was recently organized by the World Toilet Organistion and World Education Foundation in New Delhi. In the summit India elaborated a three-pronged strategy of promoting awareness about the need for cleanliness, ensuring necessary infrastructure and resorting to penal measures to ensure total sanitation in the country.

Key Points of the Summit

  • This year's World Toilet Summit encouraged the collaboration of the participants with leading government officials in India to specifically help bring an end to open defecation in that country.

  • Summit participants focussed on evolving technologies and lessons from other countries that can play an important role in addressing this critical global health issue in India.

  • The World Toilet Summit is the largest global event to focus on the topics of toilets and sanitation.

  • The summit was attended by local and international NGOs, corporations, agencies, funders and intermediaries, and the government, to share, learn and collaborate to end open defecation in India.

  • The summit deliberated on various aspects related to sanitation including the way forward, the experiences in other countries and evolving technologies that can play a pivotal role in the area of sanitation and can help overcome the issue of open defecation.

  • In the summit, sessions were organized on global best practices and the scope for public-private partnership for sanitation.

  • The impact that education may have on sanitation was also deliberated with focus on ways to make Indian schools a better place.

  • The summit also discussed low-cost solutions that might be helpful in mitigating the problems.

  • The World Toilet Organization has successfully held 13 World Toilet Summits since 2001. These summits were held in major cities worldwide including Singapore, Seoul, Taipei, Beijing, Belfast, Moscow, New Delhi, Macau, Hainan, Philadelphia and Solo, Indonesia.

Some Facts

  • 13 per cent Indian populace defecate in the open.

  • Nearly 54 billion dollar worth GDP is being lost every every year on account of inadequate sanitation in the country.

  • One crore toilets are required to be built in urban areas alone.

  • The government would be spending over Rs 2 lakh crore in both urban and rural areas in the country over the next five years to ensure cleanliness.

  • India also called for making use of toilets as a lifestyle choice by all and particularly, the poor as part of achieving total sanitation in the country.

  • None of the 7,135 cities and towns qualifies to be a green city in terms of sanitation in the country.

  • Only four cities—Chandigarh, New Delhi (restricted to NDMC areas), Surat and Mysore scored 66 as against 90 required for being a green city, when the last ranking was done in 2010.

  • Fresh ranking of cities based on sanitation conditions would be completed by March this year.

World Toilet Summit is a unique global event established by the World Toilet Organization to bring together various sanitation stakeholders under one roof to connect and collaborate on innovative inventions, projects and products in the sanitation sector. This annual event is jointly organized by a host government and the World Toilet Organization.


Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.

http://www.drishtiias.com/upsc-current-affairs-article-14th-World-Toilet-Summit