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prelims Test Series 2019
बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
10th Conference of the Vienna Convention & 26th Meeting of the Montreal Protocol
Nov 22, 2014

India has made huge contribution to the success of the Montreal Protocol. But notwithstanding India's positive stand on phasing down climate-damaging hydrofluorocarbons, a US-led developed nations' effort to set up a contact group to discuss the issue failed due to strong resistance by oil-producing Arab nations and Pakistan at a UN conference recently.

Till last year, India had led the developing nations to block the efforts to phase down ozone friendly hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), arguing that the Montreal Protocol does not have the mandate to discuss the issue. However, this time India, in line with the joint statement signed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and US President Barack Obama, adopted a ‘positive stand’ on the issue at the Joint Meeting of the 10th Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention and the 26th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol.

Proposals and Suggestions by India

UNEP Technical and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) should produce reports indicating :

  • Country wise production and consumption of HFCs over last 10 years. India does not want estimates. It needs actual figures. That`s what India did in case of CFCs decades back.

  • India needs in its every 29 states immediate demonstration projects for alternatives to HFCs in refrigeration and ACs to test the viability, affordability and energy efficiency.

  • India woud like the developed country industry and research institutes to initiate immediate collaboration to develop and improve the affordability of HFC alternatives.

  • The negotiations on HFCs should proceed on the principles of grace period (CBRD), financial assistance including that for research and development, technology transfer without clauses of confidentiality.

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